The improvement of strength and durability in polymers has implications relevant to industrial, medical, and household applications. Enhanced by the improved knowledge of the interactions between complex hierarchical structures and functional requirements, Mechanical Properties of Polymers Based on Nanostructure and Morphology focuses on new polymer materials that possess a combination of improved mechanical and other physical properties.
This book specifies techniques used in structural and morphological characterization, discusses crazing and molecular variables of fracture behavior, and clarifies various modes of deformation mechanisms and orientation processes for semicrystalline polymers, block copolymers, and composites. The volume examines microindentation hardness studies and mechanisms of toughness enhancement for particle modified, amorphous and semicrystalline polymers and blends using model analysis. Experts in the field present innovations that illustrate new aspects of manufacturing, structure development, and properties of practical relevance in nanoparticle-filled thermoplastic polymers and the applications of carbon nanotube and nanofiber reinforced polymer systems. Other topics discussed in the book include alternative methods of polymer modification based on micro- and nanolayered polymers and hot compaction of oriented fibers and tapes.
This book reflects the continuing research of mechanisms contributing to the structure-function relationship of nanostructured polymers and nanocomposites. Mechanical Properties of Polymers Based on Nanostructure and Morphology presents effective ways to combine improved mechanical and physical properties in polymers and form new, performance-enhanced composite materials.
PART I: Structural and Morphological Characterization
The Morphology of Crystalline Polymers; D.C. Bassett
Nanostructure Development in Semicrystalline Polymers during Deformation by Synchrotron X-Ray Scattering and Diffraction Techniques; B.S. Hsiao
Nanostructures of Two-Component Amorphous Block Copolymers: Effect of Chain Architecture; R. Adhikari and G.H. Michler
PART II: Deformation Mechanisms at Nanoscopic Level
Crazing and Fracture in Amorphous Polymers: Micromechanisms and Effect of Molecular Variables; H.H. Kausch and J.L. Halary
Strength and Toughness of Crystalline Polymer Systems; A. Galeski
Microdeformation and Fracture in Semicrystalline Polymers; Christopher J.G. Plummer
Micromechanical Deformation Mechanisms in Polyolefins: Influence of Polymorphism and Molecular Weight; S. Henning and Goerg H. Michler
Micro-Indentation Studies of Polymers Relating to Nanostructure and Morphology; F.J. Baltá Calleja, A. Flores, and F. Ania
Micromechanics of Particle-Modified Semicrystalline Polymers: Influence of Anisotropy Due to Transcrystallinity and/or Flow; J. A. W. van Dommelen and H. E. H. Meijer
Micromechanical Mechanisms of Toughness Enhancement in Nanostructured Amorphous and Semicrystalline Polymers; G.H. Michler
PART III: Mechanical Properties Improvement and Fracture Behavior
Structure-Property Relationship in Rubber Modified Amorphous Thermoplastic Polymers; W. Heckmann, G.E. McKee, and F. Ramsteiner
Deformation Mechanisms and Toughness of Rubber and Rigid Filler Modified Semicrystalline Polymers; C. Harrats and G. Groeninckx
Structure-Property Relationships in Nanoparticle/Semicrystalline Thermoplastic Composites; J. Karger-Kocsis and Z. Zhang
Carbon Nanotube and Carbon Nanofiber-Reinforced Polymer Composites; K. Schulte and M.C.M. Nolte
Nano- and Microlayered Polymers: Structure and Properties; T.E. Bernal-Lara, A. Ranade, A. Hiltner, and E. Baer
High Stiffness and High Impact Strength Polymer Composites by Hot Compaction of Oriented Fibers and Tapes; P.J. Hine, and I.M. Ward
"One of the strongest features of this book is its consolidation of information on some extremely important structure-property relationships and their applications to mechanical properties. …An important contribution to the polymer literature and is highly recommended."
J.E. Mark, Polymer Research Center, University of Cincinnati, in Polymer News, 2005
"The author offers the most current perspective recent research and results not available elsewhere, realized by scientists at the vanguard of their specialties, present self-contained, basics-to-applications chapters that can be read as reviews of progress in different areas. Also, this book explores the concurrent improvement of mechanical properties, such as strength and toughness, and of physical properties, such as heat resistance and conductivity, providing and offers a list of scientific publications that reflect the foundation of this diverse discipline for more focused studies."
– Constanta Ibanescu, in Memoriile sectiilor Stiintifice, 2007, Vol. 30, No. 4