Introduction to Engineering Materials

Introduction to Engineering Materials

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Features

  • Uses straightforward language for students with a basic chemistry and physics background
  • Contains numerous photographs, structures, tables, and equations
  • Includes definitions and references at the end of each chapter
  • Offers a numerical problem set, discussion type questions, and an instructor’s manual
  • Prepares the student for more advanced specialized courses in polymers, composites, and electronic materials
  • Summary

    Designed for the general engineering student, Introduction to Engineering Materials, Second Edition focuses on materials basics and provides a solid foundation for the non-materials major to understand the properties and limitations of materials. Easy to read and understand, it teaches the beginning engineer what to look for in a particular material, offers examples of materials usage, and presents a balanced view of theory and science alongside the practical and technical applications of material science.

    Completely revised and updated, this second edition describes the fundamental science needed to classify and choose materials based on the limitations of their properties in terms of temperature, strength, ductility, corrosion, and physical behavior. The authors emphasize materials processing, selection, and property measurement methods, and take a comparative look at the mechanical properties of various classes of materials. Chapters include discussions of atomic structure and bonds, imperfections in crystalline materials, ceramics, polymers, composites, electronic materials, environmental degradation, materials selection, optical materials, and semiconductor processing. Filled with case studies to bring industrial applications into perspective with the material being discussed, the text also includes a pictorial approach to illustrate the fabrication of a composite. 

    Consolidating relevant topics into a logical teaching sequence, Introduction to Engineering Materials, Second Edition provides a concise source of useful information that can be easily translated to the working environment and prepares the new engineer to make educated materials selections in future industrial applications.

    Table of Contents

    Contents
    Introduction
    Metals
    Ceramics
    Polymers
    Composites
    Semiconductors
    More Recent Developments
    Properties and Their Measurement
    Introduction
    Hardness
    Mechanical Property Measurements
    Physical Properties
    Questions and Problems
    Atomic Structure and Atomic Bonds
    Structure of the Atom
    Bond Types
    Inter-atomic Distances
    Questions and Problems
    Structure of Crystalline Solids
    Introduction
    Basic Terms and Definitions
    Cubic Crystal Structures (Metals)
    Ionic Solids
    Structure of Covalent Network Solids
    Crystal Features
    Non-cubic Structures
    Summary
    Diffusion and Plastic Deformation
    Introduction
    Points Defects
    Line Defects: Dislocation
    Plastic Deformation of Single Crystals
    Plastic deformation
    Questions and Problems
    Property Management of Metallic Materials
    Introduction
    Phase Equilibria
    Some Common Phase Diagrams and Alloys
    Precipitation-Hardening Systems: Aluminum Alloys
    Eutectoid Systems: Iron–Carbon Alloys
    Property Management of Steel (Non-equilibrium Processing)
    Questions and Problems
    Ceramics
    Introduction
    Ceramic Materials
    Manufacturing of Ceramic Products
    Properties of Technical Ceramics
    Design Aspects
    Case Studies
    Questions and Problems
    Structure and Properties of Polymers
    Introduction
    Basic Chemistry Review
    Polymerization Reactions
    Mechanical Properties of Polymers
    Temperature-Dependent Mechanical Properties
    Composites
    Introduction
    The Rule of Mixtures
    Fibers and Their Properties
    Polymer Matrix Composites
    Metal Matrix Composites (MMCs)
    Ceramic Matrix Composites (CMCs)
    Graphite Matrix Composites
    Laminar Composites (Arall and Glare)
    Sandwich Structures
    Fallure of Composites
    Questions and Problems
    Electrical Properties of Materials
    Introduction
    Energy Levels, Bands, and Bonds
    Energy Bands in Insulators and Semiconductors
    Semiconductors
    Dielectric Materials
    Ferroelectric and Piezoelectric Behavior
    Questions and Problems
    Magnetic Materials
    Magnetic Fields
    Sources of Magnetism in the Atom
    Ferromagnetism
    Optical Materials
    Introduction
    Refraction, Reflection, and Absorption of Light
    Luminescence
    Lasers
    Optical Fibers
    Questions and Problems
    Semiconductor Processing
    Introduction
    Silicon Purification and Crystal Growth
    Other Materials and Their Crystal Growth Methods
    Wafer Preparation
    Wafer Fabrication
    Purification of Metals for Metallization
    Circuit Elements
    Questions and Problems
    Environmental Degradation of Engineering Materials
    Introduction
    Corrosion of Metals
    Environmental Degradation of Polymers
    Environmental Degradation of Ceramic Materials
    Corrosion of Composites
    Questions and Problems
    Materials and Process Selection
    Introduction
    General Philosophies
    General Criteria
    Concluding Remarks
    Ferrous and Nonferrous Metals for Special Applications
    Introduction
    Special Ferrous-Based Materials
    Specialty Steels
    Cast Irons
    Aluminum Alloys
    Other Nonferrous Alloys
    Iron-Carbon Alloys: The Eutectoid System
    Non-equilibrium Processing of Steels
    Forming and Shaping of Metals
    Metal Joining
    Questions and Problems
    Comparative Properties
    Introduction
    Comparative Mechanical Properties
    Comparative Physical Properties
    Questions and Problems
    Index

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