Post-Disaster Reconstruction and Change: Communities' Perspectives

Jennifer E. Duyne Barenstein, Esther Leemann

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October 29, 2012 by CRC Press
Professional - 368 Pages - 84 B/W Illustrations
ISBN 9781439888155 - CAT# K14065

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Features

    • Explores how reconstruction efforts affect communities’ long-term coping capacity and preparedness to face future events
    • Highlights the communities' active roles in self-advocating and working with the various governments and public and private agencies in the reconstruction process
    • Presents numerous case examples including Hurricane Mitch in Nicaragua; the 2001 earthquake in Gujarat, India; the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami; and the floods of 2003 in Santa Fe, Argentina

    Summary

    Successful recovery following a disaster depends upon transcending the disciplinary divides of architecture, engineering, and planning and emphasizing the importance of community perspectives in the post-disaster reconstruction process. Effective results in community recovery mandate that we holistically examine the complex interrelationship between physical and social dimensions.

    Through a series of case studies, Post-Disaster Reconstruction and Change: Communities' Perspectives explores community viewpoints on post-disaster aid provided by external agencies and demonstrates how equity and effectiveness are affected by community social organization, power structures, and leadership capacities. The book further focuses on how external aid in turn affects community livelihoods, cultures, and social organizations. Each chapter serves as a real-world case study based on several months of ethnographic fieldwork conducted in India, Nicaragua, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, and Argentina.

    Post-disaster community recovery depends on informed decisions that build on lessons learned from past experiences. This book shows how different communities have coped with and responded to various external interventions. Focusing on housing reconstruction and the restoration of livelihood, the authors demonstrate that changes in settlement location, morphology, housing materials, and design produce multiple cascading consequences for the inhabitants of reconstructed settlements. Ultimately, the book establishes the importance of integrating community perspectives in policies and programs for sustainable post-disaster reconstruction—enabling greater resiliency as well as future disaster risk reduction.