With contributions from experts in the field, this book presents a synthesis of the state of the art in the methodology of biomarkers and its contribution to ecological risk assessment. The text explores the latest knowledge and thinking on this very important approach for the assessment of environmental health, management, and conservation. It describes the core biomarkers currently used in environmental research concerned with biological monitoring, biomarkers which correspond to the defenses developed by living organisms in response to contaminants in their environment, and biomarkers that reveal biological damage resulting from contaminant stressors.
Introduction. History of Biomarkers. Biomarkers of Defence, Tolerance and Ecological Consequences. Biomarkers of Damage. Sentinel Species. Linking Lysosomal Biomarkers and Ecotoxicological Effects at Higher Biological Levels. Impairments of Endocrine Functions: Causes and Consequences. Impairments of Endocrine Functions: Case Studies. Behavioral Ecotoxicology. Origin of Energy Metabolism Impairments. Consequences of Energy Metabolism Impairments. Genotoxicity Markers and In Situ Individual and Populational Effects. Genetic Variability and Gene Expression. Biomarkers in the Assessment of The Ecotoxicological Status Of Aquatic Habitats.
Dr. Claude Amiard-Triquet is a Research Director in the CNRS (French National Research Center) based at the University of Nantes, France. Dr. Amiard-Triquet's research interests include metal ecotoxicology, biomarkers, and emerging contaminants (endocrine disruptors, nanoparticles).
Professor Jean-Claude Amiard is a Research Director in the CNRS (French National Research Center) based at the University of Nantes, France. His research activities have focused on the fate and effects of trace metals in marine and estuarine ecosystems, the tolerance of organisms to chronic exposure to contaminants, and the application of biomarkers to the assessment of ecotoxicity of emerging contaminants.
Professor Philip Rainbow is the Head of the Department of Zoology at the Natural History Museum, London, leading a staff of more than 100 working scientists. His recent research has focused on the factors affecting the bioavailability of trace metals to aquatic invertebrates from both solution and the diet, and the biodynamic modeling of trace metal bioaccumulation.