Handbook of Nanoscience, Engineering, and Technology, Third Edition

Handbook of Nanoscience, Engineering, and Technology, Third Edition

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Features

  • Presents an up-to-date account of nano technologies and developments—in color throughout
  • Includes new sections on nanoenergy and nanobiology
  • Examines the use of state-of-the-art materials, such as nanodiamond particles, graphene, and electromagnetic metamaterials, in industrial and biomedical applications
  • Describes experimental advances in the synthesis, fabrication, and processing of nanostructures
  • Explores tools that that allow characterization at the nanoscale
  • Discusses theory and simulation based on first principles

Summary

In his 1959 address, "There is Plenty of Room at the Bottom," Richard P. Feynman speculated about manipulating materials atom by atom and challenged the technical community "to find ways of manipulating and controlling things on a small scale." This visionary challenge has now become a reality, with recent advances enabling atomistic-level tailoring and control of materials.

Exemplifying Feynman’s vision, Handbook of Nanoscience, Engineering, and Technology, Third Edition continues to explore innovative nanoscience, engineering, and technology areas. Along with updating all chapters, this third edition extends the coverage of emerging nano areas even further. Two entirely new sections on energy and biology cover nanomaterials for energy storage devices, photovoltaics, DNA devices and assembly, digital microfluidic lab-on-a-chip, and much more. This edition also includes new chapters on nanomagnet logic, quantum transport at the nanoscale, terahertz emission from Bloch oscillator systems, molecular logic, electronic optics in graphene, and electromagnetic metamaterials.

With contributions from top scientists and researchers from around the globe, this color handbook presents a unified, up-to-date account of the most promising technologies and developments in the nano field. It sets the stage for the next revolution of nanoscale manufacturing—where scalable technologies are used to manufacture large numbers of devices with complex functionalities.

Table of Contents

Nanotechnology Overview
There’s Plenty of Room at the Bottom: An Invitation to Enter a New Field of Physics, Richard P. Feynman
Room at the Bottom, Plenty of Tyranny at the Top, Karl Hess
Twenty Years to Develop Nanotechnology: 2000–2020, Mihail C. Roco

Molecular and Nanoelectronics
Nanomagnet Logic, Michael T. Niemier and Wolfgang Porod
Quantum Transport at Nanoscale, Richard Akis, David K. Ferry, Matthew J. Gilbert, and Stephen M. Goodnick
Spontaneous Emission of Bloch Oscillation Radiation in the Terahertz Regime, Valeriy N. Sokolov and Gerald J. Iafrate
Molecular and Biomolecular Processing: Solutions, Directions, and Prospects, Sergey Edward Lyshevski
Spin Field Effect Transistors: Pros and Cons, Supriyo Bandyopadhyay and Marc Cahay
Optical Behavior of Periodic Nanostructured Media: A Classical Electromagnetic (Mesoscopic) Approach, Waleed S. Mohammed and Gabor L. Hornyak
Theory of Ballistic Electron Transport in n+–i–n+ Diodes: Properties in THz Frequency Range, V.V. Korotyeyev, V.A. Kochelap, G. Sabatini, H. Marinchio, C. Palermo, and L. Varani

Manipulation and Assembly
Nanoparticle Manipulation by Electrostatic Forces, Michael Pycraft Hughes
Biological- and Chemical-Mediated Self-Assembly of Artificial Micro- and Nanostructures, S.W. Lee and R. Bashir
Introduction to Nanomanufacturing, Ahmed Busnaina
Molecules on Semiconductors: Toward Molecular Logic, Marek Oszajca, Agnieszka Podborska, and Konrad Szaciłowski

Functional Structures
Carbon Nanotubes, M. Meyyappan
Dendrimers: Synthetic Science to Controlled Organic Nanostructures and a Window to a New Systematic Framework for Unifying Nanoscience, D.A. Tomalia and M.S. Diallo
Design and Applications of Photonic Crystals, Dennis W. Prather, Ahmed S. Sharkawy, Shouyuan Shi, and Mathew J. Zablocki
Carbon Nanostructures and Nanocomposites, Yanhong Hu, Zushou Hu, Clifford W. Padgett, Donald W. Brenner, and Olga A. Shenderova
Thermal Transport in Nanostructured Materials, Aleksandr Chernatynskiy, David R. Clarke, and Simon R. Phillpot
Electron Optics in Graphene, Hyungjun Kim, Min Seok Jang, Harry A. Atwater, and William A. Goddard III
Electromagnetic Metamaterials as Artificial Composite Structures, Salvatore Campione, Shiji Pan, S. Ali Hosseini, Caner Guclu, and Filippo Capolino
Bulk Nanostructured Materials, C.C. Koch and Donald W. Brenner

Nano Energy
Nanostructured Materials for Energy Storage Device, Hansu Kim, Ungyu Paik, and Taeseup Song
High-Density Nanoenergetic Gas Generators, Karen S. Martirosyan
Photovoltaic Fundamentals, Roger A. Messenger

NanoBio, Medicine, and Life Sciences
Nanodiamond Particles: Properties and Perspectives for Bioapplications, Amanda M. Schrand, Suzanne A. Ciftan Hens, and Olga A. Shenderova
Error-Tolerant Digital Microfluidic Lab-on-Chip, Yang Zhao, Krishnendu Chakrabarty, and Tao Xu
Ion Pore Formation in Membranes due to Complex Interactions between Lipids and Antimicrobial Peptides or Biomolecules, Md. Ashrafuzzaman and J.A. Tuszynski
Multiscale, Multiparadigm Modeling for Nanosystems Characterization and Design, Andres Jaramillo-Botero, Jamil Tahir-Kheli, Paul von Allmen, and William A. Goddard III
Quasiparticle Tunneling in Neurotransmitter Release, Danko D. Georgiev and James F. Glazebrook
DNA-Directed Assembly of Multicomponent Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Devices, Si-ping Han and William A. Goddard III
DNA Crystals, Constructs, and Devices, Nadrian C. Seeman, Jens J. Birktoft, Ruojie Sha, Hongzhou Gu, Tong Wang, Jianping Zheng, Jie Chao, Pam Constantinou, Baoquan Ding, and Chengde Mao

Index

Editor Bio(s)

William A. Goddard III is the Charles and Mary Ferkel Professor in chemistry, materials science, and applied physics at the California Institute of Technology, where he serves as the director of the Materials and Process Simulation Center. He is also a World Class University professor and director of the Center for Materials Simulation and Design at the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology.
Professor Goddard is a member of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences and fellow of the American Physical Society, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Academy of Arts and Science, and the U.K. Royal Society of Chemistry. He has published over 964 scientific articles and has developed first-principles-based multiscale, multiparadigm methods to solve critical problems in nanotechnology, catalysis, energy storage, and pharma. Professor Goddard has received numerous honors from societies and organizations, including the American Chemical Society, the Institute for Molecular Manufacturing, and NASA.

Donald W. Brenner is a Kobe Steel distinguished professor and associate head of the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at North Carolina State University. He is also a member of the Scientific Advisory Committee of the Center for Nanoscale Materials at Argonne National Laboratory. Dr. Brenner has received several awards from North Carolina State University, the American Chemical Society, the U.S. National Science Foundation, and the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory. His research focuses on using atomic and mesoscale simulation and theory to understand technologically important processes and materials.

Sergey E. Lyshevski is a professor of electrical engineering at Rochester Institute of Technology. Dr. Lyshevski has been a professor at Kiev Polytechnic Institute, the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, and Purdue School of Engineering. He also has been a senior summer faculty member at the U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory and the U.S. Surface and Undersea Naval Warfare Centers. He has authored/co-authored 16 books and over 300 papers and handbook chapters. His research encompasses the areas of molecular engineering, microsystems, MEMS, nanotechnology, molecular processing, and systems informatics.

Gerald J. Iafrate is a research professor of electrical and computer engineering at North Carolina State University. He is a fellow of the American Physical Society, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. Dr. Iafrate was a professor at the University of Notre Dame, director of the U.S. Army Research Office, and director of electronic devices research at the U.S. Army Electronics Technology and Devices Laboratory. His research interests include quantum transport in nanostructures, spontaneous emission from Bloch electron radiators, and molecular-scale electronics.

Editorial Reviews

Praise for the First Edition:
There is quite a wide array of topics in this handbook, and it can certainly be interesting and useful to read about what others are doing in nanotechnology to get your own ideas. This book gives the reader access to a huge wealth of ideas that may spur new ideas in the area of nanotechnology they are working in.
IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine, July/August 2008

 
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