Physical Activity and Public Health Practice

Physical Activity and Public Health Practice

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ISBN 9781439849514
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Features

    • Presents the work of leading U.S. and international scholars in the areas of physical activity and public health practice
    • Offers historical insights into physical activity and health
    • Examines physiological adaptation to physical activity and the effect of sedentary behavior on overall health
    • Describes the role of physical activity in the prevention and treatment of disease as well as its relation to growth and development
    • Discusses practical aspects such as measurement, policy, national recommendations, and surveillance
    • Provides thought-provoking study questions and reference materials after each chapter to enhance further study

    Summary

    Physical activity remains a critical area of research as we consider cost-effective measures for lowering the chronic disease epidemic worldwide. In our increasingly automated society, many adults and children are not active at health-enhancing levels. In Physical Activity and Public Health Practice, a panel of respected researchers summarizes essential topics in physical activity and community health and guides public health practitioners and researchers in understanding the positive impact that physical activity has on a host of disease states.

    Focusing on the benefits of physical activity across the human lifespan with emphasis on primary and secondary prevention of chronic diseases and conditions, the book examines:

    • Historical insights into physical activity and health
    • Public health philosophy and approaches to understanding health concerns
    • Application of public health strategies to increase physical activity in youth, adults, and older adults
    • Known and effective policy and environmental approaches applied to various settings, including schools, worksites, and the community
    • The role of physical activity on growth and development and in relation to obesity
    • Methods for measuring physical fitness and applying U.S. Physical Activity Guidelines for exercise prescriptions
    • How to promote physical activity among hard-to-reach populations

    A goal of all physical activity health promotion advocates is to increase the opportunity for citizens to live active, healthy lives. Understanding the immense role physical activity plays in human health is critical to shaping programs and policies that will benefit the population. This volume catalogs the latest research and provides a window into future possibilities for creating healthier communities.

    Table of Contents

    History of Physical Activity Contributions to Public Health; Amanda E. Paluch, Jack W. Berryman, Kenneth E. Powell, Ilkka Vuori, Charles M. Tipton, and Steven N. Blair

    Physiological Adaptations to Moderate-Intensity Aerobic Exercise; Arthur S. Leon and Scott Brown

    The Unique Influence of Sedentary Behavior on Health; Genevieve N. Healy

    Physical Activity in Chronic Disease Prevention; Jared P. Reis and Bethany Barone Gibbs

    Physical Activity and Injury Prevention; Kenneth E. Powell

    Physical Activity in Treatment of Chronic Conditions; J. Larry Durstine, Keith Burns, and Ryan Cheek

    Physical Activity in Growth and Development; Fátima Baptista and Kathleen F. Janz

    Physical Activity and Healthy Adulthood; Kelley K. Pettee Gabriel and Jennifer L. Gay

    Physical Activity and Healthy Aging; David M. Buchner

    Physical Activity and Obesity; Catrine Tudor-Locke

    Physical Activity Measurement; Stephen D. Herrmann

    National Guidelines for Physical Activity; Richard P. Troiano and David M. Buchner

    Surveillance of Physical Activity; Janet E. Fulton and Susan A. Carlson

    Physical Activity Promotion in Underserved Communities; Deborah Parra-Medina and Zenong Yin

    Built Environmental Supports for Walking; Paula Hooper, Sarah Foster, Andrea Nathan, and Billie Giles-Corti

    Physical Activity Promotion in Worksites; Joan Dorn and Cassandra Hoebbel

    Promotion of Physical Activity in Schools; Dianne Stanton Ward and Christopher Ford

    Policy for Physical Activity Promotion; Kelly R. Evenson and Semra A. Aytur

    Index

    Editor Bio(s)

    Barbara E. Ainsworth, PhD, MPH, FACSM, FNAK, is a professor in the Exercise and Wellness Program within the School of Nutrition and Health Promotion at Arizona State University (ASU). Her research relates to physical activity and public health with focuses on the assessment of physical activity in populations, the evaluation of physical activity questionnaires, and physical activity in women. Dr. Ainsworth is best known as the lead author for the Compendium of Physical Activities, an exhaustive list of the energy cost of human physical activities. Dr. Ainsworth holds honorary academic appointments at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, and the Akershaus University College in Oslo, Norway. She has served as president for the ACSM and was a 2006 ACSM Citation Award recipient. Her teaching assignment at ASU includes graduate courses on research methods, physical activity and public health, and physical activity epidemiology.

    Caroline A. Macera, PhD, FACSM, is a professor of epidemiology and associate director at the Graduate School of Public Health at San Diego State University. Dr. Macera taught at the University of South Carolina for 17 years before joining the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as a team leader for surveillance and epidemiology in the Physical Activity and Health Branch. During this time, she was involved in developing the Healthy People 2010 physical activity and fitness objectives. Dr. Macera has more than 30 years of experience as an epidemiologist and is a fellow of the ACSM. She has more than 200 publications in the field of epidemiology and public health, most with a focus on the role of physical activity and health. Dr. Macera is a coauthor of an undergraduate text entitled, "Basics of Epidemiology: The Distribution and Determinants of Disease in Humans," and teaches courses in epidemiology and chronic disease prevention.