Micro- and Nanoscale Phenomena in Tribology

Micro- and Nanoscale Phenomena in Tribology

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Features

  • Covers macroscale sliding phenomena and the instruments used for examining microscale sliding contacts
  • Describes the theories, recent examples, challenges, and opportunities of contact and lubrication research
  • Provides a clear understanding of the basic phenomena related to surface energies and surface forces
  • Explains how to interpret friction data within the framework of continuum mechanics
  • Presents various experimental techniques to fabricate micro- and nanotextured surfaces
  • Includes examples that illustrate how environmental effects can be used to mitigate friction and wear
  • Discusses how to extend the length and time scales of molecular dynamics simulation

Summary

Drawn from presentations at a recent National Science Foundation Summer Institute on Nanomechanics, Nanomaterials, and Micro/Nanomanufacturing, Micro- and Nanoscale Phenomena in Tribology explores the convergence of the multiple science and engineering disciplines involved in tribology and the connection from the macro to nano world. Written by specialists from computation, materials science, mechanical engineering, surface physics, and chemistry, each chapter provides up-to-date coverage of both basic and advanced topics and includes extensive references for further study.

After discussing the evolution of tribology in the micro and nano world, the book describes contact conditions spanning between macroscale and nanoscale contacts. It presents an overview of fundamental continuum treatments of interfacial contact and lubrication under a wide range of conditions, including novel advances in contact simulation. It also gives a thorough account of the nature of surface energies and forces in nanostructures as well as adhesion in dry and wet environments. The book then explains how to perform friction measurements at the nanoscale and interpret friction data before demonstrating how micro- and nanotextured surfaces affect adhesion, friction, and wetting. The final chapters emphasize the importance of surface chemistry and molecular dynamics simulation in tribology.

With numerous examples and figures throughout, this volume presents a thorough account of important advancements in tribology that offer insight into micro- and nanoscale phenomena. By enabling a better understanding of fundamental micro- and nanoscale interactions, the book helps readers effectively design and fabricate durable tribological components for various engineering and biological systems.

Table of Contents

Introduction, Yip-Wah Chung

Macroscale to Microscale Tribology: Bridging the Gap, Kathryn J. Wahl

A Continuum Overview of Contact and Lubrication, Q. Jane Wang

Surface Energy and Surface Forces, Robert W. Carpick

Nanoscale Friction: Measurement and Analysis, Rachel J. Cannara

Effects of Micro- and Nanoscale Texturing on Surface Adhesion and Friction, Min Zou

Environmental Effects in Tribology, Seong H. Kim

Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Nanotribology, Ashlie Martini

Index

Editor Bio(s)

Yip-Wah Chung is a professor of materials science and engineering and mechanical engineering at Northwestern University. A fellow of ASM International, AVS, and STLE, Dr. Chung has received numerous honors, including the Ralph A. Teetor Engineering Educator Award from SAE, the Innovative Research Award and Best Paper Award from the ASME Tribology Division, and the Bronze Bauhinia Star from the Hong Kong Special Administrative Government. He earned a Ph.D. in physics from the University of California, Berkeley. His research interests encompass surface science, tribology, thin films, and alloy design.

 
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