Synthesis Gas Combustion: Fundamentals and Applications

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Features

  • Presents the key enabling technology of synthesis gas combustion
  • Explores the most promising near-term application, integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) technology
  • Details benefits of IGCC for cleaner coal use, hydrogen combustion/production, and CO2 mitigation through capture and geologic storage
  • Compares emissions-lowering capabilities of IGCC methods with those of super critical pulverized coal (SCPC) techniques
  • Covers gasification extensively

Summary

Coal, still used to generate more than half of the electric power in the U.S., will likely be part of any future global energy plan. But this finite resource is also responsible for 80 percent of the CO2 emissions from power production, and its continued use will require improved processing techniques that are less damaging to the environment and less costly. One viable option is the use of "clean coal" energy conversion devices that rely on the combustion of gasified coal, referred to as synthesis gas, or syngas.

Synthesis Gas Combustion: Fundamentals and Applications presents work from leading combustion authorities who offer their perspectives on various energy and environmental issues linked to the development of syngas and hydrogen combustion. This volume summarizes the current understanding of syngas, focusing first on combustion fundamentals and then on issues specific to application and utilization in fuel cells, internal combustion engines, and steady-flowing combustion devices such as gas turbines or boilers. In discussing syngas production, this book details the technical issues and trade-offs that influence fuel composition. It also explores combustion fundamentals of "clean coal" technologies, including chemical kinetics, flame properties, and emissions.

Governments and companies around the world are devoting significant resources to improve understanding of the combustion of coal and bio-derived synthesis gases, to maximize the benefits of gasification technology and limit CO2 emissions. This valuable reference provides state-of-the-art context and technical information needed to develop clean energy systems. These include clean coal technologies, hydrogen and liquid fuel production, use of biomass feedstocks, and usage in fuel cells and other advanced power generation technologies.

Table of Contents

Gasification Technology to Produce Synthesis Gas, G.A. Richards and K.H. Casleton

Syngas Chemical Kinetics and Reaction Mechanisms, M. Chaos, M.P. Burke, Y. Ju, and F.L. Dryer

Laminar Flame Properties of H2/CO Mixtures, J. Natarajan and J.M. Seitzman

Fundamental Combustion Characteristics of Syngas, G. Ribert, P. Thakre, Z. Wang, R.A. Yetter, and V. Yang

Turbulent Combustion Properties of Premixed Syngas, R.K. Cheng

Pollutant Formation and Control, K.J. Whitty, H.R. Zhang, and E.G. Eddings

Syngas Utilization, G.A. Richards, K.H. Casleton, and N.T. Weiland

Catalytic Combustion of Syngas, J. Mantzaras

Operability Issues Associated with Steady Flowing Combustors, T. Lieuwen, V. McDonell, D. Santavicca, and T. Sattelmayer

Combustion of Syngas in Internal Combustion Engines, M.K. Fox, G. Lilik, A.L. Boehman, and O. Le Corre

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Using Syngas, R.J. Kee, H. Zhu, and G.S. Jackson

Index

Editor Bio(s)

Tim Lieuwen, Ph.D., P.E., is an associate professor in aerospace engineering at Georgia Institute of Technology. Dr. Lieuwen performs research in areas relating to clean combustion technologies and alternative fuels. He is an associate editor of Journal of Propulsion and Power, Combustion Science and Technology, and the Proceedings of the Combustion Institute. He is also on the editorial review board of the AIAA Publication Committee. Dr. Lieuwen has been the recipient of a variety of teaching awards, best paper awards, and the AIAA Lawrence Sperry Award.

Vigor Yang is William R. T. Oakes Professor and Chair of the School of Aerospace Engineering at Georgia Institute of Technology. He also serves as the editor-in-chief of Journal of Propulsion and Power. He is the author and editor of several books on propulsion and combustion.

Richard Yetter is a professor of mechanical engineering at the Pennsylvania State University. He has conducted research in the fields of combustion and propulsion for more than 30 years. He is co-author of the fourth edition of Combustion and serves as editor-in-chief of Combustion Science and Technology.