Nanotechnology for Photovoltaics

Nanotechnology for Photovoltaics

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Features

  • Describes the latest efforts in applying nanotechnology to photovoltaics with an emphasis on practical aspects
  • Provides the necessary background principles, such as the properties of nanostructures as related to photovoltaic technologies
  • Reviews the development, major applications, advantages, and disadvantages of each nanostructure class
  • Demonstrates how nanotechnology in photovoltaics impacts performance and cost
  • Discusses the challenges ahead with particular attention to scale-up and nanomanufacturing issues

Summary

Current concerns regarding greenhouse gas-related environmental effects, energy security, and the rising costs of fossil fuel-based energy has renewed interest in solar energy in general and photovotaics in particular. Exploring state-of-the-art developments from a practical point of view, Nanotechnology for Photovoltaics examines issues in increasing efficiency, decreasing costs, and how these two goals can be achieved in a single photovoltaic device. It provides fundamental background and places research approaches within the proper physical context as related to photovoltaics performance enhancement.

The book reviews the applications of devices and their performance requirements, followed by coverage of thin films and advanced band structure concepts for obtaining efficiencies above the Shockley–Queisser single bandgap efficiency limit of ~31%. The editor and contributors also discuss the basic optical properties of nanostructured materials as related to photovoltaics applications and describes nanoscale optoelectronic device physics related to performance. They then explore recent literature in the application of various classes of nanostructures to photovoltaics. The book covers solar cells based on hybrid organic-inorganic nanocomposites structures, quantum wells, nanowires/tubes, and quantum dots. It also discusses the use of nanoparticles/quantum dots to enhance the performance of conventional solar cells and luminescent solar concentrators.

Each chapter summarizes the historical development for the nanostructure class under consideration, applications beyond photovoltaics, and the major synthetic methods, followed by a critique of leading works that have employed the particular nanostructure type. The book examines the advantages of each nanostructure approach and the remaining technical challenges, with an emphasis on possible future areas of research interest. It concludes with a summary of the major processing approaches and challenges of using the various nanostructures to photovoltaics applications, focusing on future scale-up and nanomanufactuting issues. Many books cover photovoltaics and many others nanotechnology — it is the coverage of both in one resource that sets this book apart.

Table of Contents

Introduction to Photovoltaic Physics, Applications, and Technologies, L. Tsakalakos
Optical Properties of Nanostructures, K. Catchpole
Photovoltaic Device Physics on the Nanoscale, D. Konig
Nanostructured Organic Solar Cells, J.T. McLeskey Jr. and Q. Qiao
Recent Progress in Quantum Well Solar Cells, K.W.J. Barnham, I.M. Ballard, B.C. Browne, D.B. Bushnell, J.P. Connolly, N.J. Ekins-Daukes, M. Fuhrer, R. Ginige, G. Hill, A. Ioannides, D.C. Johnson, M.C. Lynch, M. Mazzer, J.S. Roberts, C. Rohr, and T.N.D. Tibbits
Nanowire- and Nanotube-Based Solar Cells, L. Tsakalakos
Semiconductor Nanowires: Contacts and Electronic Properties, E. Tutuc and E.-S. Liu
Quantum Dot Solar Cells, S.M. Hubbard, R. Raffaelle, and S. Bailey
Luminescent Solar Concentrators, A.J. Chatten, R. Bose, D.J. Farrell, Y. Xiao, N.L.A. Chan, L. Manna, A. Buchtemann, J. Quilitz, M.G. Debije, and K.W.J. Barnham
Nanoparticles for Solar Spectrum Conversion, W.G.J.H.M. van Sark, A. Meijerink, and R.E.I. Schropp
Nanoplasmonics for Photovoltaic Applications, E.T. Yu
Epilogue: Future Manufacturing Methods for Nanostructured Photovoltaic Devices
Index

Editorial Reviews

"I have recommended the text to others and consider it to be a very nice snapshot of a wide range of activity in the photovoltaics arena."
—Professor David Tanenbaum, Pomona College, Claremont, California, USA

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