Logistic Regression Models

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ISBN 9781420075755
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  • Examines the theoretical foundation of many logistic models, including binary, ordered, multinomial, panel, and exact
  • Describes how each type of model is established, interpreted, and evaluated as to its goodness of fit
  • Analyzes the models using Stata
  • Offers R code at the end of most chapters to enable R users to duplicate the output displayed in the text
  • Includes numerous exercises and real-world examples from the medical, ecological, physical, and social sciences
  • Provides the example data sets online in Stata, R, Excel, SAS, SPSS, and Limdep formats

Solutions manual available upon qualifying course adoption


Logistic Regression Models presents an overview of the full range of logistic models, including binary, proportional, ordered, partially ordered, and unordered categorical response regression procedures. Other topics discussed include panel, survey, skewed, penalized, and exact logistic models. The text illustrates how to apply the various models to health, environmental, physical, and social science data.

Examples illustrate successful modeling
The text first provides basic terminology and concepts, before explaining the foremost methods of estimation (maximum likelihood and IRLS) appropriate for logistic models. It then presents an in-depth discussion of related terminology and examines logistic regression model development and interpretation of the results. After focusing on the construction and interpretation of various interactions, the author evaluates assumptions and goodness-of-fit tests that can be used for model assessment. He also covers binomial logistic regression, varieties of overdispersion, and a number of extensions to the basic binary and binomial logistic model. Both real and simulated data are used to explain and test the concepts involved. The appendices give an overview of marginal effects and discrete change as well as a 30-page tutorial on using Stata commands related to the examples used in the text. Stata is used for most examples while R is provided at the end of the chapters to replicate examples in the text.

Apply the models to your own data
Data files for examples and questions used in the text as well as code for user-authored commands are provided on the book’s website, formatted in Stata, R, Excel, SAS, SPSS, and Limdep.

See Professor Hilbe discuss the book.

Table of Contents

The Normal Model
Foundation of the Binomial Model
Historical and Software Considerations
Chapter Profiles
Concepts Related to the Logistic Model
2 × 2 Table Logistic Model
2 × k Table Logistic Model
Modeling a Quantitative Predictor
Logistic Modeling Designs
Estimation Methods
Derivation of the IRLS Algorithm
IRLS Estimation
Maximum Likelihood Estimation
Derivation of the Binary Logistic Algorithm
Terms of the Algorithm
Logistic GLM and ML Algorithms
Other Bernoulli Models
Model Development
Building a Logistic Model
Assessing Model Fit: Link Specification
Standardized Coefficients
Standard Errors
Odds Ratios as Approximations of Risk Ratios
Scaling of Standard Errors
Robust Variance Estimators
Bootstrapped and Jackknifed Standard Errors
Stepwise Methods
Handling Missing Values
Modeling an Uncertain Response
Constraining Coefficients
Binary X Binary Interactions
Binary X Categorical Interactions
Binary X Continuous Interactions
Categorical X Continuous Interaction
Thoughts about Interactions
Analysis of Model Fit
Traditional Fit Tests for Logistic Regression
Hosmer–Lemeshow GOF Test
Information Criteria Tests
Residual Analysis
Validation Models
Binomial Logistic Regression
The Nature and Scope of Overdispersion
Binomial Overdispersion
Binary Overdispersion
Real Overdispersion
Concluding Remarks
Ordered Logistic Regression
The Proportional Odds Model
Generalized Ordinal Logistic Regression
Partial Proportional Odds
Multinomial Logistic Regression
Unordered Logistic Regression
Independence of Irrelevant Alternatives
Comparison to Multinomial Probit
Alternative Categorical Response Models
Continuation Ratio Models
Stereotype Logistic Model
Heterogeneous Choice Logistic Model
Adjacent Category Logistic Model
Proportional Slopes Models
Panel Models
Generalized Estimating Equations
Unconditional Fixed Effects Logistic Model
Conditional Logistic Models
Random Effects and Mixed Models Logistic Regression
Other Types of Logistic-Based Models
Survey Logistic Models
Scobit-Skewed Logistic Regression
Discriminant Analysis
Exact Logistic Regression
Exact Methods
Alternative Modeling Methods
Appendix A: Brief Guide to Using Stata Commands
Appendix B: Stata and R Logistic Models
Appendix C: Greek Letters and Major Functions
Appendix D: Stata Binary Logistic Command
Appendix E: Derivation of the Beta-Binomial
Appendix F: Likelihood Function of the Adaptive Gauss–Hermite Quadrature Method of Estimation
Appendix G: Data Sets
Appendix H: Marginal Effects and Discrete Change
Author Index
Subject Index
Exercises and R Code appear at the end of most chapters.

Author Bio(s)

Editorial Reviews

This book really does cover everything you ever wanted to know about logistic regression … with updates available on the author’s website. Hilbe, a former national athletics champion, philosopher, and expert in astronomy, is a master at explaining statistical concepts and methods. Readers familiar with his other expository work will know what to expect—great clarity.
The book provides considerable detail about all facets of logistic regression. No step of an argument is omitted so that the book will meet the needs of the reader who likes to see everything spelt out, while a person familiar with some of the topics has the option to skip "obvious" sections. The material has been thoroughly road-tested through classroom and web-based teaching. …
The focus is on helping the reader to learn and understand logistic regression. The audience is not just students meeting the topic for the first time, but also experienced users. I believe the book really does meet the author’s goal … .
—Annette J. Dobson, Biometrics, June 2012

Overall this is a comprehensive book, which will provide a very useful resource and handbook for anyone whose work involves modelling binary data.
—David J. Hand, International Statistical Review (2011), 79

… useful as a textbook in a course on logistic regression.
—Andreas Rosenblad, Technometrics, May 2011

Downloads / Updates

Resource OS Platform Updated Description Instructions
LRM_ADO.ZIP Cross Platform November 12, 2010 Stata commands (user authored)
LRM_DATA.ZIP Cross Platform May 07, 2009 Stata data sets
LRM_EXCE.ZIP Cross Platform May 07, 2009 Excel data sets
LRM_R.ZIP Cross Platform September 23, 2010 R data sets
LRM_SAS.ZIP Cross Platform May 07, 2009 SAS data sets
LRM_SPSS.ZIP Cross Platform May 07, 2009 SPSS data sets
LRM_LIM.ZIP Cross Platform May 07, 2009 Limdep data sets
LRMOTHER.ZIP Cross Platform May 07, 2009 ASCII delimited, Jump, Minitab, S-Plus, Statistica, Systat (heart01, medpar, rwm_1980 data in above formats)
LRM_EX.ZIP Cross Platform May 07, 2009 Solutions Manual data sets and do files
README.txt Cross Platform May 07, 2009
LRM_ERR.pdf Cross Platform September 30, 2009 Errata and Author Comments
HILBE_LRM_ERRATA27Mar2010.pdf Cross Platform March 30, 2010 Errata