Handbook of Nanophysics

Handbook of Nanophysics: Nanoparticles and Quantum Dots

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Features

  • Covers the fundamental physics of nanoparticles and quantum dots
  • Includes introductions in each chapter—useful to nonspecialists and students
  • Enriches state-of-the-art scientific content with fundamental equations and illustrations, some in color
  • Contains chapters extensively peer reviewed by senior scientists in nanophysics and related areas of nanoscience
  • Promotes new ideas for future fundamental research

Summary

In the 1990s, nanoparticles and quantum dots began to be used in optical, electronic, and biological applications. Now they are being studied for use in solid-state quantum computation, tumor imaging, and photovoltaics. Handbook of Nanophysics: Nanoparticles and Quantum Dots focuses on the fundamental physics of these nanoscale materials and structures. Each peer-reviewed chapter contains a broad-based introduction and enhances understanding of the state-of-the-art scientific content through fundamental equations and illustrations, some in color.

This volume provides an overview of the major categories of nanoparticles, including amorphous, magnetic, ferroelectric, and zinc oxide nanoparticles; helium nanodroplets; and silicon, tetrapod-shaped semiconductor, magnetic ion-doped semiconductor, and natural polysaccharide nanocrystals. It also describes their properties and interactions. In the group of chapters on nanofluids, the expert contributors discuss the stability of nanodispersions, liquid slip at the molecular scale, thermophysical properties, and heat transfer. They go on to examine the theory, self-assembly, and teleportation of quantum dots.

Nanophysics brings together multiple disciplines to determine the structural, electronic, optical, and thermal behavior of nanomaterials; electrical and thermal conductivity; the forces between nanoscale objects; and the transition between classical and quantum behavior. Facilitating communication across many disciplines, this landmark publication encourages scientists with disparate interests to collaborate on interdisciplinary projects and incorporate the theory and methodology of other areas into their work.

Table of Contents

Types of Nanoparticles
Amorphous Nanoparticles, Vo Van Hoang
Magnetic Nanoparticles, Gunter Reiss and Andreas Hutten
Ferroelectric Nanoparticles, Julia M. Wesselinowa, Thomas Michael, and Steffen Trimper
Helium Nanodroplets, Carlo Callegari, Wolfgang Jager, and Frank Stienkemeier
Silicon Nanocrystals, Hartmut Wiggers and Axel Lorke
ZnO Nanoparticles, Raj K. Thareja and Antaryami Mohanta
Tetrapod-Shaped Semiconductor Nanocrystals, Roman Krahne and Liberato Manna
Fullerene-Like CdSe Nanoparticles, Silvana Botti
Magnetic Ion–Doped Semiconductor Nanocrystals, Shun-Jen Cheng
Nanocrystals from Natural Polysaccharides, Youssef Habibi and Alain Dufresne

Nanoparticle Properties
Acoustic Vibrations in Nanoparticles, Lucien Saviot, Alain Mermet, and Eugene Duval
Superheating in Nanoparticles, Shaun C. Hendy and Nicola Gaston
Spin Accumulation in Metallic Nanoparticles, Seiji Mitani, Kay Yakushiji, and Koki Takanashi
Photoinduced Magnetism in Nanoparticles, Vassilios Yannopapas
Optical Detection of a Single Nanoparticle, Taras Plakhotnik
Second-Order Ferromagnetic Resonance in Nanoparticles, Derek Walton
Catalytically Active Gold Particles, Ming-Shu Chen
Isoelectric Point of Nanoparticles, Rongjun Pan and Kongyong Liew
Nanoparticles in Cosmic Environments, Ingrid Mann

Nanoparticles in Contact
Ordered Nanoparticle Assemblies, Aaron E. Saunders and Brian A. Korgel
Biomolecule-Induced Nanoparticle Aggregation, Soumen Basu and Tarasankar Pal
Magnetic Nanoparticle Assemblies, Dimitris Kechrakos
Embedded Nanoparticles, Leandro L. Araujo and Mark C. Ridgway
Coupling in Metallic Nanoparticles: Approaches to Optical Nanoantennas, Javier Aizpurua and Garnett W. Bryant
Metal-Insulator Transition in Molecularly Linked Nanoparticle Films, Amir Zabet-Khosousi and Al-Amin Dhirani
Tribology of Nanoparticles, Lucile Joly-Pottuz
Plasmonic Nanoparticle Networks, Erik Dujardin and Christian Girard

Nanofluids
Stability of Nanodispersions, Nikola Kallay, Tajana Preočanin, and Davor Kovačević
Liquid Slip at the Molecular Scale, Tom B. Sisan, Taeil Yi, Alex Roxin, and Seth Lichter
Newtonian Nanofluids in Convection, Stephane Fohanno, Cong Tam Nguyen, and Guillaume Polidori
Theory of Thermal Conduction in Nanofluids, Jacob Eapen
Thermophysical Properties of Nanofluids, S.M. Sohel Murshed, Kai Choong Leong, and Chun Yang
Heat Conduction in Nanofluids, Liqiu Wang and Xiaohao Wei
Nanofluids for Heat Transfer, Sanjeeva Witharana, Haisheng Chen, and Yulong Ding

Quantum Dots
Core-Shell Quantum Dots, Gil de Aquino Farias and Jeanlex Soares de Sousa
Polymer-Coated Quantum Dots, Anna F.E. Hezinger, Achim M. Goepferich, and Joerg K. Tessmar
Kondo Effect in Quantum Dots, Silvano De Franceschi and Wilfred G. van der Wiel
Theory of Two-Electron Quantum Dots, Jan Petter Hansen and Eva Lindroth
Thermodynamic Theory of Quantum Dots Self-Assembly, Xinlei L. Li and Guowei W. Yang
Quantum Teleportation in Quantum Dots System, Hefeng Wang and Sabre Kais

Index

Editor Bio(s)

Klaus D. Sattler is a professor of physics at the University of Hawaii-Manoa in Honolulu. A pioneer in nanophysics, Dr. Sattler built the first atomic cluster source in 1980, which became a cornerstone for nanoscience and nanotechnology. In 1994, his research group at the University of Hawaii produced the first carbon nanocones. His current research focuses on novel nanomaterials, tunneling spectroscopy of quantum dots, and solar photocatalysis with nanoparticles for the purification of water. Dr. Sattler has been a recipient of the Walter Schottky Prize from the German Physical Society