Nanotechnology and the Environment

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ISBN 9781420060195
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Features

  • Focuses on six of the most common nanomaterials (titanium dioxide, zero valent iron, silver, carbon black, fullerenes, and carbon nanotubes) to provide a cohesive presentation of issues
  • Follows those materials from their manufacture and use to their fate and transport in the environment and possible consequences of exposure
  • Discusses frameworks, such as Life Cycle Analysis (LCA), for evaluating the balance between risk and reward as nanomaterials are manufactured, used, and released to the environment
  • Describes regulations evolving around the world as a basis for regulatory compliance and control of possible risks
  • Summary

    Nanomaterials' unique properties offer revolutionary means to optimize a variety of products, including electronics, textiles, paintings and coatings, pharmaceuticals, and personal care products. However, these same properties mean that nanoscale materials can behave differently in the human body and the environment than conventional materials.

    Nanotechnology and the Environment provides the fundamental basis needed to assess and understand the life cycle of nanomaterials. It begins with a general explanation of nanomaterials, their properties, and their uses and describes the processes used to manufacture nanoscale materials. Subsequent chapters furnish information on the analysis of nanomaterials in the environment and their fate and transport, including the effects of wastewater treatment on nanomaterials.  The book discusses possible risks to human health and the environment and the environment, and describes developing regulations to manage those risks.

    Given the potential risks, the book explores the apparent paradox of using nanomaterials in environmental remediation. The final chapter discusses frameworks for evaluating the balance between risk and reward as nanomaterials are manufactured, used and released to the environment.

    Table of Contents

    Introduction
    K. Sellers
    Nanoscale Materials: Definition and Properties
    K. Sellers
    Overview of Manufacturing Processes
    J. Chen and K. Sellers
    Developing Environmental Regulations Pertinent to
    Nanotechnology
    L. L. Bergeson
    Analyses of Nanoparticles in the Environment
    M. Hoyt
    Environmental Fate and Transport
    C.s E. Mackay and K. M. Henry
    Treatment of Nanoparticles in Wastewater
    K.M. Henry and K. Sellers
    The Potential Ecological Hazard of Nanomaterials
    S. R. Clough
    Toxicology and Risk Assessment
    C. E. Mackay and J. Hamblen
    Nanoparticle Use in Pollution Control
    K. Sellers
    Balancing the Risks and Rewards
    K. Sellers

    Editorial Reviews

    …an excellent starting point for the future development of this field … Written in a clear and lively language … It provides the right balance between scientific rigor and simplicity and general interests for a broad audience highlighting the key role of science and technology on solving global problems, and the social responsibility that we all share. Consequently, it is an excellent reference guide.

    Materials Today, May 2010