Materials for the Hydrogen Economy

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Features

  • Describes materials that meet the requirements for handling hydrogen during production, distribution, storage, and utilization
  • Covers gasification, electrolysis, thermochemical, and photobiological processes for generating hydrogen
  • Analyzes electrolytes used for fabricating solid-oxide fuel cells (SOFCs)
  • Examines the electrochemical processes and component materials for H2/O2 PEM fuel cells
  • Summarizes the known hydrogen effects on internal combustion engine and fuel cell components, suggesting surface modifications that improve stability and performance
  • Summary

    Hydrogen offers a promising alternative for supplying clean and sustainable energy to meet increasing demands worldwide. However, materials are key to transforming the technology into a viable industry. Materials for the Hydrogen Economy describes the technical challenges and the current efforts in developing materials possessing the properties required for handling each stage of the hydrogen fuel chain. Thorough coverage offers newcomers as well as experienced engineers and researchers a reliable and fully scalable foundation in this field.

    This book covers all seven of the current hydrogen production methods, as well as distribution, storage, and utilization technologies, particularly fuel cells. It details the chemical reactions, processes, types of feedstock, and commercial equipment involved in hydrogen production. It also covers methods, membranes, liners, and sensors used for separating, sealing, and purifying hydrogen. Several chapters examine corrosion effects in pipeline steels and other storage and transportation vessels, leading to discussions of hydrogen permeation barriers, barrier coatings, and hydrides for on-board hydrogen storage. The final chapters focus on electrolytes and component materials for solid-oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) and H2/O2 PEM fuel cells.

    Materials for the Hydrogen Economy provides a broad review of material requirements for handling hydrogen from production to market. It explores the development of these materials alongside essential considerations and issues associated with their deployment.

    Table of Contents

    Preface
    Introduction
    Abstract
    Issues in Hydrogen Production Using Gasification; James P. Bennett
    Materials for Water Electrolysis Cells; Paul A. Lessing
    High-Temperature Electrolysis; S. Elangovan and J. Hartvigsen
    Materials Development for Sulfur-Iodine Thermochemical Hydrogen Production; B. Wong and P. Trester
    Materials Requirements for Photobiological Hydrogen Production; D.M. Blake, W. Amos, M.L. Ghirardi, and M. Seibert
    Dense Membranes for Hydrogen Separation and Purification; U. Balachandran, T.H. Lee, and S.E. Dorris
    Effects of Hydrogen Gas on Steel Vessels and Pipelines; B.P. Somerday and C. San Marchi
    Hydrogen Permeation Barrier Coatings; C.H. Henager, Jr.
    Reversible Hydrides for On-Board Hydrogen Storage; G.J. Thomas
    The Electrolytes for Solid-Oxide Fuel Cells; X.D. Zhou and P. Singh
    Corrosion and Protection of Metallic Interconnects in Solid-Oxide Fuel Cells; Z. Yang, J.W. Stevenson, and P. Singh
    Materials for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells; B. Du, Q. Guo, Z. Qi, L. Mao, R.Pollard, and J.F. Elter
    Materials Issues for Use of Hydrogen in Internal Combustion Engines; R.H. Jones
    Index

    Editorial Reviews

    "A number of experts in the field have contributed chapters related to their areas of expertise that makes the book Materials for the Hydrogen Economy an excellent reading for the novice as well as the expert in the field . . . This is a very timely text with a lot of useful basic and advanced information on using hydrogen as a fuel to propel the usage of alternative energies forward."

    – In JOM, September 2008