Handbook on Nondestructive Testing of Concrete Second Edition

Handbook on Nondestructive Testing of Concrete Second Edition

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Features

  • Provides a comprehensive treatment of nondestructive test methods used to evaluate concrete structures
  • Summarizes surface hardness testing, as well as penetration resistance, pullout and break-off tests, maturity method, permeation properties, resonant frequency, and pulse velocity
  • Explores combined methods, in which multiple techniques are used to estimate strength
  • Highlights methods that measure non-strength characteristics such as moisture content, density, thickness, resistivity, and permeability
  • Examines methods of measuring steel reinforcement characteristics related to bar location, size, and corrosion
  • Describes magnetic, electrical, radioactive, nuclear, radar, stress wave, infrared thermography, and acoustic emission techniques
  • Summary

    Civil and structural engineering consultants engaged in quality control or investigations of hardened concrete need a comprehensive resource that explains the methods of determining strength and other performance characteristics.

    Handbook on Nondestructive Testing of Concrete, Second Edition answers this demand by providing a thorough analysis of nondestructive testing used to evaluate concrete structures. The Handbook examines the tools and techniques used to estimate the in-place strength of concrete and permeation properties that relate to potential durability, and it also describes the methods used to assess the condition of concrete integrity and steel reinforcement.

    The authors of each chapter are recognized specialists in the field who have served on technical committees for nondestructive testing. The chapters discuss the basic principles of the methods and offer practical guidance for their use. Extensive mathematical derivations are kept to a minimum; instead, the Handbook refers to numerous original papers for those interested in more detailed information.

    The Second Edition meets your need to generate reliable estimates of mechanical properties without damaging a structure's integrity.

    Table of Contents

    SURFACE HARDNESS METHODS
    V.M. Malhotra
    Introduction
    Indentation Methods
    Rebound Method
    Limitations
    Rebound Number and Estimation of Compressive Strength
    Rebound Number and Flexural Strength
    Rebound Number and Modulus of Elasticity
    North American Survey on the Use of the Rebound Hammer Standardization of Surface Hardness Methods
    Limitations and Usefulness

    PENETRATION RESISTANCE METHODS
    V.M. Malhotra, G.G. Carette
    Introduction
    Probe Penetration Test System
    Evaluation of the Probe Penetration Test
    Pin Penetration Test
    Standardization of Penetration Resistance Techniques
    Limitations and Usefulness of Penetration Resistance Methods

    PULLOUT TEST
    Nicholas J. Carino
    Introduction
    Historical Background
    Failure Mechanism
    Statistical Characteristics
    Applications
    Concluding Remarks

    THE BREAK-OFF TEST METHOD
    Tarun R. Naik
    Introduction
    Theoretical Considerations
    Break-Off Test Equipment
    Historical Background
    Test Procedure
    Evaluation of Test Specimens
    Applications
    Advantages and Limitations
    Standardization of the B.O. Method

    THE MATURITY METHOD
    Nicholas J. Carino
    Introduction
    Historical Background
    Theoretical Basis
    Application of Maturity Method
    Standard Practice
    Conclusion

    PULL-OFF TEST AND PERMEATION TESTS
    Graeme D. Henderson, P.A. Muhammed Basheer,
    Adrian E. Long
    Introduction
    In Situ Strength Assessment
    Measuring Concrete Permeation Properties
    Description of Test Methods
    Concluding Remarks

    RESONANT FREQUENCY METHODS
    V.M. Malhotra, V. Sivasundaram
    Introduction
    Resonant Frequency Method
    Other Methods of Resonant Frequent Testing
    Factors Affecting Resonant Frequency and Dynamic Modulus of Elasticity
    Resonant Frequency and Durability of Concrete
    Reproducibility of Test Results
    Correlation Between Dynamic Modulus of Elasticity and Strength
    Properties of Concrete
    Comparison of Moduli of Elasticity Determined from Longitudinal and
    Transverse Frequencies
    Comparison of Dynamic and Static Moduli of Elasticity
    Specialized Applications of Resonance Tests
    Damping Properties of Concrete
    Standardization of Resonant Frequency Methods
    Limitations and Usefulness of Resonant Frequency Methods

    THE ULTRASONIC PULSE VELOCITY METHOD
    Tarun R. Naiki, V. Mohan Malhotra, John S. Popovics
    Historical Background
    Pulse Velocity Test Instrument
    The Pulse Velocity Method
    Factors Affecting the Pulse Velocity
    Standardization of the Pulse Velocity Method
    Applications
    Advantages and Limitations

    COMBINED METHODS
    A. Samarin
    Introduction
    Historical Development
    Combined Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity and Hardness Measurement Techniques
    Conclusions

    MAGNETIC/ELECTRICAL METHODS
    K.R. Lauer
    Magnetic/Electrical Methods
    Magnetic Methods
    Electrical Methods

    METHODS TO EVALUATE CORROSION OF REINFORCEMENT
    Nicholas J. Carino
    Introduction
    Principles of Corrosion
    Corrosion of Steel in Concrete
    Half-Cell Potential Method
    Concrete Resistivity
    Polarization Resistance
    Summary

    RADIOACTIVE/NUCLEAR METHODS
    Terry M. Mitchell
    Introduction
    General Principles
    Radio
    Radiography
    Neutron-Gamma Techniques

    SHORT-PULSE RADAR METHODS
    Gerardo G. Clemeña
    Introduction
    Principle of Short-Pulse Radar
    Instrumentation
    Applications
    Conclusions

    STRESS WAVE PROPAGATION METHODS
    Nicholas J. Carino
    Introduction
    Basic Principles
    Test Methods
    Summary

    INFRARED THERMOGRAPHIC TECHNIQUES
    Gary J. Weil
    Introduction
    Historical Background
    Theoretical Considerations
    Testing Equipment
    Testing Procedures
    15.6 Case Histories
    Advantages and Limitations
    Summary

    ACOUSTIC EMISSION METHODS
    Sidney Mindess
    Introduction
    Historical Background
    Theoretical Considerations
    Evaluation of Acoustic Emission Signals
    Instrumentation and Test Procedures
    Parameters Affecting Acoustic Emissions from Concrete
    Laboratory Studies of Acoustic Emission
    Field Studies of Acoustic Emission
    Conclusions

    Index

    Editorial Reviews

    "The handbook is chock-full of high quality graphics, figures and photographs. Although the book is aimed at practicing engineers with responsibilities of concrete quality control or investigations of hardened concrete, graduate students will find the book an excellent overview of both popular and lesser-known non-destructive testing techniques. Strongly recommended for civil engineers, builders, and academic library collections supporting civil engineering curricula at the university level."
    -E-Streams, Vol. 8, No. 1, Jan. 2005

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