Water Science & Engineering


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Optimization of the Electron Donor Supply to Sulphate Reducing Bioreactors Treating Inorganic Wastewater

1st Edition

Luis Carlos Reyes-Alvarado
September 19, 2018

The main objective of this research was to optimize the electron donor supply in sulphate reducing bioreactors treating sulphate rich wastewater. Two types of electron donor were tested: lactate and slow release electron donors such as carbohydrate based polymers and lignocellulosic biowastes....

Sediments in the Tema Harbour (Ghana): Chemical Pollution and Sedimentation Rates

1st Edition

Benjamin O. Botwe
August 14, 2018

Sediment pollution and accumulation in harbours are major environmental issues and studies that advance their solutions are essential for harbour sustainability. This book provides the first comprehensive assessment of chemical pollution in sediments and sediment accumulation rates in the tropical...

Treatment of Petroleum Refinery Wastewater with Constructed Wetlands

1st Edition

Hassana Ibrahim Mustapha
August 14, 2018

Pollution of waterbodies and the environment by petroleum industry is of particular concern in Nigeria. This problem can be addressed by the application of constructed wetlands (CWs) which is a nature-based system that is simple to construct, have low operational and maintenance costs in terms of...

Anaerobic Treatment of Mine Wastewater for the Removal of Selenate and its Co-Contaminants

1st Edition

Lea Chua Tan
August 14, 2018

Selenium (Se) pollution has led to several cases of severe aquatic ecosystem deterioration due to Se poisoning caused by bioaccumulation over time. However, the removal of selenate (SeO42-) from wastewater streams with co-contaminants has been largely considered as a black box in anaerobic...

Anaerobic Oxidation of Methane Coupled to the Reduction of Different Sulfur Compounds as Electron Acceptors in Bioreactors

1st Edition

Chiara Cassarini
August 14, 2018

This research investigated new approaches to control anaerobic methane oxidation coupled to sulfate reduction (AOM-SR) and enrich anaerobic methanotrophs (ANME) and sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) with the purpose of designing a suitable bioreactor for AOM-SR at ambient pressure and temperature....

Performance Assessment and Enrichment of Anaerobic Methane Oxidizing Microbial Communities from Marine Sediments in Bioreactors

1st Edition

Susma Bhattarai Gautam
August 14, 2018

Anaerobic oxidation of methane (AOM) coupled to sulfate reduction (AOM-SR) is a biological process mediated by anaerobic methanotrophs (ANME) and sulfate reducing bacteria. It has scientifi c and societal relevance in regulating the global carbon cycle and biotechnological application for treating...

Modelling and Analysis of Fine Sediment Transport in Wave-Current Bottom Boundary Layer

1st Edition

Liqin Zuo
July 18, 2018

The evolution and utilization of estuarine and coastal regions are greatly restricted by sediment problems. This thesis aims to better understand fine sediment transport under combined action of waves and currents, especially in the wave-current bottom boundary layer (BBL). Field observations,...

Strengthening the Human Right to Sanitation as an Instrument for Inclusive Development

1st Edition

Pedi Chiemena Obani
June 26, 2018

Over a third of the current 7.3 billion people worldwide are burdened with poor sanitation services. The resulting social, relational and ecological exclusion make the realisation of the human right to sanitation (HRS) a critical concern development concern. However, the literature has evolved in a...

Deterioration and Optimal Rehabilitation Modelling for Urban Water Distribution Systems

1st Edition

Yi Zhou
June 13, 2018

Pipe failures in water distribution systems can have a serious impact and hence it’s important to maintain the condition and integrity of the distribution system. This book presents a whole-life cost optimisation model for the rehabilitation of water distribution systems. It combines a pipe...

Microbial Synthesis of Chalcogenide Nanoparticles: Combining Bioremediation and Biorecovery of Chalcogen in the Form of Chalcogenide Nanoparticles

1st Edition

Joyabrata Mal
May 15, 2018

Recent years have seen a growing interest in the application of chalcogenide nanoparticles (NPs), e.g. Se, Te, CdSe and CdTe NPs, in various industrial sectors including energy, petroleum refining and in the field of biology and medicine. Moreover, due to the high toxicity of chalcogen oxyanions,...

Satellite-Based Mitigation and Adaptation Scenarios for Sea Level Rise in the Lower Niger Delta

1st Edition

Zahrah Naankwat Musa
May 15, 2018

The Niger delta with its gentle slope and low elevation is extremely sensitive to effects of climate change. Its adaptive capacity is the second lowest in terms of socio-economic development in Nigeria. Quantitative studies on developing measures for coastal planning and management in the lower...

Quantitative Assessment of Groundwater and Surface Water Interactions in the Hailiutu River Basin, Erdos Plateau, China

1st Edition

Zhi Yang
May 09, 2018

This study presents a multi-disciplinary approach for investigating the interactions between groundwater and surface water in the semi-arid Hailiutu catchment in the Erdos Plateau, Northwest China. The study consists of statistical detection of river flow regime shifts at the basin level; multiple...