Represents the first interdisciplinary reference on the structure, synthesis, and properties of polyynes and carbyne moleculesExplains the distinction between carbyne and carbynoid structures, fundamental characterization, and methods of synthesisReflects renewed interest attributed to the significant advances achieved with the synthesis of carbon filmsContains contributions of scientists and specialists from active research in their fieldsApplies to an exceptionally wide range of sciences, including plant biochemistry, pharmacology, geology, and astrophysics
Polyynes: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications compiles information found scattered throughout the literature in inorganic, organic, and polymer chemistry into one cohesive volume.
In addition to being a precursor of fullerenes, polyynes are one of the key precursors in the formation of soot and carbon dust, or elemental carbon in the galaxy, and their properties can be linked to interstellar band phenomena and other astrophysical behavior. More than 1,000 organic molecules produced by plants, fungi, and other microorganisms are also classified as polyynes, playing a biological role in nature that may be used in the treatment of diseases as antibiotics, anticancer, or anti-infective agents. Polyynes: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications covers breakthrough discoveries, particularly the simplified synthesis of polyynes in solution stabilized by using appropriate end groups and carbon films achieved using chemical, electrochemical, and other sophisticated techniques. The book explains in great detail the conditions, apparatus, and experimental procedures to synthesize polyynes with consistent and reproducible results.
By presenting new and unpublished results along with recent discoveries and theories, Polyynes: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications reflects the thriving research status of polyynes in various disciplines as well as new ideas and guidelines for future research, discoveries, and applications of these molecules.
Table of Contents
Carbon Chain Molecules in Cryogenic Matrices; T. Wakabayashi and W. Krätschmer
Synthesis and Characterization of Carbynoid Structures in Cluster-Assembled Carbon Films; L. Ravagnan, F. Siviero, E. Salis, P. Piseri, P. Milani, C. Lenardi, A. Li Bassi, C.S. Casari and C.E. Bottani
Epitaxial Growth by D.C. Magnetron Sputtering of Carbyne (Chaoite) Microcrystals on CVD-Deposited Polycrystalline Diamond; R.B. Heimann, I. Burlacov, J.I. Kleiman, and S. Horodetsky
Electrochemical Synthesis of Carbyne-Like Materials and Other Nanocarbons; L. Kavan
Synthesis of Carbynoid Structures by the Combustion Flame Method; J.-B. Donnet, H. Oulanti, R. Wey, T. Le Huu, W.C. Cun, and L. Vidal
Cyclic Polyynes: Generation, Characterization, and Reactions; Y. Tobe and T. Wakabayashi
Formation of C2nH2 Polyynes by Laser Ablation of Graphite, Coal or C60 Particles Suspended in Selected Solvents; M. Tsuji, S. Kuboyama, T. Tsuji, and T. Hamagami
Polyynes: Synthesis with the Submerged Electric Arc; F. Cataldo
Polyynes (C2nH2, n= 2-5) and Other Products from Laser-Ablated Graphite: A Time-of-Flight Mass Spectroscopic Study in Combination with One-Photon Ionization; T. Wakabayashi, Y. Kato, T. Momose, and T. Shida
Polyyne-Type Materials; M. Kijima
Carbon Material with a Highly Ordered Linear-Chain Structure; V.G. Babaev, M.B. Guseva, N.D. Novikov, V.V. Khvostov, and P. Flood
Synthesis of Carbynoid Materials by Chemical Dehydrohalogenation of Halogen-Containing Polymers; S.E. Evsyukov
Ion Irradiation of Solid Carbons; G. Strazzulla, G.A. Baratta, S. Battiato, and G. Compagnini
Cyanoalkynes and Cyanopolyynes: From Crossed Beam Experiments to Astrochemistry; N. Balucani and R.I. Kaiser
Synthesis of Monocyanopolyynes and Dicyanopolyynes with the Submerged Electric Arc; F. Cataldo
Natural Carbynes, Including Chaoite, on Earth, in Meteorites, Comets, Circumstellar and Interstellar Dust; Frans J.M. Rietmeijer and A. Rotundi
Structures and Other Properties of Polyynes and their Isomers: Theoretical and Experimental Results; D. Heymann and F. Cataldo
Polyynes: Possible Bulk Synthesis and Chemical Properties; F. Cataldo
From Natural to Rationally Designed Artificial Enediynes: Towards New Anticancer Antibiotics Activable at Will; G. Guanti, L. Banfi, A. Basso, and R. Riva
Polyynes: Simple Synthesis in Solution Through the Glaser Reaction; F. Cataldo and Y. Keheyan
"The strength of this collection is that it captures the full breadth of the field, including bulk and small-molecule synthesis, computational modeling, and studies ranging from astrochemistry and mineralogy to materials science and drug design...useful to chemists who want to learn more about how other scientists think about polyynes and the putative linear allotrope of carbon, carbyne. Because so many of the chapters were contributed by the editor, this book has more continuity than many edited volumes."
-Nancy S. Goroff, Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2006