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Vitamin D: Oxidative Stress, Immunity, and Aging

Adrian F. Gombart
November 16, 2016

Vitamin D insufficiency/deficiency is a worldwide, public health problem in both developed and developing countries. Rickets among infants has reemerged. Low levels of vitamin D are associated with increased risk and mortality from cancer. At the same time, the beneficial effects of vitamin D on a...

OMICs Technologies: Tools for Food Science

Noureddine Benkeblia
November 16, 2016

Since the completion of the Human Genome Project, food and nutrition sciences have undergone a fundamental molecular transformation. New discoveries in molecular biology, analytical chemistry, and biochemistry have led to the development of new tools that are likely to revolutionize the study of...

Food Oxidants and Antioxidants: Chemical, Biological, and Functional Properties

Grzegorz Bartosz
November 16, 2016

Food antioxidants are of primary importance for the preservation of food quality during processing and storage. However, the status of food depends on a balance of antioxidants and prooxidants occurring in food. Food Oxidants and Antioxidants: Chemical, Biological, and Functional Properties...

Nutrition, Lifestyle Factors, and Blood Pressure

Pao-Hwa Lin, Laura P. Svetkey
November 16, 2016

Even though enormous advancements have been made in identifying evidence-based lifestyle strategies for hypertension prevention and management, little progress has been made in implementing these proven strategies. Nutrition, Lifestyle Factors, and Blood Pressure compiles practical, science-based...

Flavonoids and Related Compounds: Bioavailability and Function

Jeremy P. E. Spencer, Alan Crozier
November 16, 2016

Flavonoids exert a multiplicity of biological effects on humans and can have beneficial implications for numerous disease states. Flavonoids and Related Compounds: Bioavailability and Function examines current knowledge regarding the absorption, metabolism, and bioavailability of individual...

Chronic Inflammation: Molecular Pathophysiology, Nutritional and Therapeutic Interventions

Sashwati Roy, Debasis Bagchi, Siba P. Raychaudhuri
November 16, 2016

Although acute inflammation is a healthy physiological response indicative of wound healing, chronic inflammation has been directly implicated in a wide range of degenerative human health disorders encompassing almost all present day non-communicable diseases including autoimmune diseases, obesity,...

Inflammation, Oxidative Stress, and Cancer: Dietary Approaches for Cancer Prevention

Ah-Ng Tony Kong
November 16, 2016

Increasing scientific evidence suggests that the majority of diseases including cancer are driven by oxidative stress and inflammation, attributed to environmental factors. These factors either drive genetic mutations or epigenetically modify expression of key regulatory genes. These changes can...

Tocotrienols: Vitamin E Beyond Tocopherols, Second Edition

Barrie Tan, Ronald Ross Watson, Victor R. Preedy
November 16, 2016

The first 90 years of vitamin E research has produced prolific and notable discoveries, but until the last few decades, attention has been given mostly to the biological activities and underlying mechanisms of alpha-tocopherol, which we now know is one of more than eight vitamin E isomers....

Carotenoids and Vitamin A in Translational Medicine

Olaf Sommerburg, Werner Siems, Klaus Kraemer
November 16, 2016

Vitamin A (retinol) is an essential dietary compound with myriad metabolic and regulatory functions. Deficiency can result in vision problems, compromised immune responses, and a host of other medical issues. More than 600 carotenoids have been identified in plants, algae, fungi, and bacteria, and...

Green Tea Polyphenols: Nutraceuticals of Modern Life

Lekh R. Juneja, Mahendra P. Kapoor, Tsutomu Okubo, Theertham Rao
November 16, 2016

There is a wealth of published research on the health-promoting effects of green tea and its various components including polyphenols. Green Tea Polyphenols: Nutraceuticals of Modern Life presents a collection of global findings on the numerous health benefits of green tea polyphenols, confirming...

Serotonin and Melatonin: Their Functional Role in Plants, Food, Phytomedicine, and Human Health

Gokare A. Ravishankar, Akula Ramakrishna
November 10, 2016

Serotonin and Melatonin: Their Functional Role in Plants, Food, Phytomedicine, and Human Health highlights the significance of the plant sources of serotonin and melatonin in the fields of medicine, agriculture, and food science. Over the last few decades, an enormous amount of research data has...

Nutrition-Infection Interactions and Impacts on Human Health

Mohan Pammi, Jesus G. Vallejo, Steven A. Abrams
October 28, 2016

Nutrition and infection are often at a crossroads, interacting with each other and influencing human health. Infection is a major health problem and nutritional deficiency plays a significant role in increasing the risk of infection. Nutrition–Infection Interactions and Impacts on Human Health...