The Baddeley and Hitch (1974) Working Memory model holds a central place in experimental psychology and continues to be extremely successful in guiding and stimulating research in applied and theoretical domains. Yet the model now faces challenges from conflicting data and competing theories. In this book, experienced researchers in the field address the question: Will the model survive these challenges? They explain why it is so successful, evaluate its weaknesses with respect to opposing data and theories and present their vision of the future of the model in their particular area of research. The book includes a discussion of the "Episodic Buffer" component which has recently been added to the working memory model.
The result is a comprehensive and critical assessment of the working memory model and its contribution to current research in human cognition, cognitive development, neuroscience and computational modelling. Furthermore, this collection serves as a case study to illustrate the range of factors that determine the success or failure of a theory and as a forum for discussing what researchers want from scientific theories. The book begins with an accessible introduction to the model for those new to the field and explains the empirical methods used in working memory research. It concludes by highlighting areas of consensus and suggesting a programme of research to address issues of continuing controversy. Working Memory in Perspective will be a valuable resource to students and researchers alike in the fields of human memory, language, thought and cognitive development.
Table of Contents
A.D. Baddeley, G.J. Hitch, Foreword. J. Andrade, An Introduction to Working Memory. Applied Perspectives. D.G. Pearson, Imagery and the Visuo-spatial Sketchpad. J. Andrade, The Contribution of Working Memory to Conscious Experience. A.-M. Adams, C. Willis, Language Processing and Working Memory: A Developmental Perspective. L.H. Phillips, C. Hamilton, The Working Memory Model in Adult Aging Research. C. Jarrold, Applying the Working Model to the Study of Atypical Development. R. Henson, Neural Working Memory. Theoretical Perspectives. M. Page, R. Henson, Computational Models of Short-term Memory: Modelling Serial Recall of Verbal Material. P. Lovatt, S.E. Avons, Re-evaluating the Word-length Effect. G. Ward, A Critique of the Working Memory Model. J.N. Towse, C.M.T Houston-Price, Reflections on the Concept of the Central Executive. J. May, Specifying the Central Executive May Require Complexity. Conclusion. J. Andrade, The Working Memory Model: Consensus, Controversy and Future Directions.
Jackie Andrade's Working Memory in Perspective is a valuable academic exercise for the way in which it forces researchers to turn the microscope on themselves and question fundamental assumptions made in their scientific pursuits. Jackie Andrade should be commended for asking some very tough questions of her UK colleagues. - Andrew A. Conway, University of Illinois, in The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, Section A
... the book provides a clear, comprehensive and even-handed overview of the strengths and weaknesses of the influential working memory framework. Its appearance is timely ... - Gordon D.A. Brown, University of Warwick
... any researchers hoping to be up to date in their knowledge about immediate memory, and the roles it plays in cognitive life, should read the whole of Andrade's Working Memory in Perspective. - Michael J. Kane, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, in the European Journal of Cognitive Psychology
This collection of original chapters is an excellent resource for people in the field of working memory. It provides a detailed, incisive and extremely up-to-date account of the current status of the theory of working memory. - John Richardson, Brunel University