This wide-ranging and unique collection of documents on one of the most enduring of literary genres, Tragedy, offers a radical revaluation of its significance in the light of the critical attention that it has received during the past one-hundred and fifty years. The foundations of much contemporary thinking about Tragedy are to be found in the writings of Hegel, Nietzsche, and Kierkegaard; in addition, the dialectical tradition emanating from Marxism, and the psycho-analytical writings of Freud, have extended significantly the horizons of the subject.
With the explosion of interest in the areas of post-structuralism, sociology of culture, social anthropology, feminism, deconstruction, and the study of ritual, new questions are being asked about this persistent artistic exploration of human experience. This book seeks to represent a full selection of these divergent interests, in a series of substantial extracts which display the continuing richness of the debate about a genre which has provoked, and challenged categorical discussion since the appearance of Aristotle's Poetics.
Table of Contents
General Editor's Preface Acknowledgements 1. Introduction 2. The Philosophy of Tragedy G.W.F. Hegel, Tragedy as a dramatic art; A. C. Bradley, Hegel's Theory of Tragedy; Friedrich Nietzsche from The Birth of Tragedy; Soren Kierkegaard, The Tragic in Ancient Drama; Georg Lukacs, The Metaphysics of Tragedy 3. Historical Materialism and Tragedy Lucien Goldman, The Tragic Vision: Man; World Visions and Social Classes; Bertold Breght from A Short Organum for the Theatre; George Thomson, Tragedy; Walter Benjamin, Trauerspiel and Tragedy; Alain Robbe-Grillet, Nature, Humanism and Tragedy; Augusto Boal, Aristotle's Coercive System of Tragedy 4. Tradition and Innovation Arthur Miller, Tragedy and the Common Man ; Arthur Miller, The Nature of Tragedy; George Steiner from The Death of Tragedy; Raymond Williams from Modern Tragedy 5. Psychoanalysis and Tragedy Sigmund Freud from Character and Culture; Jacques Lacan, The Splendor of Antigone; Andre Greend, The Psychoanalytic Reading of Tragedy 6. Feminism and Tragedy Elisabeth Bronten from Omphalos to Phallus: Cultural Representations of Femininity and Death; Sarah B. Pomeroy, Images of Women in the Literature of Classical Athens; Nicole Loraux, The Rope and the Sword 7. Ritual and Tragedy Jan Kott, The Eating of the Gods, or the Bacchae; Rene Girard, The Sacrificial Crisis; Wole Soyinka, Morality and Aesthetics and the Ritual of Archetype; Northrop Frye, The Mythos of Autumn: Tragedy; Susanne K. Langer, The Great Dramatic Forms: The Tragic Rhythm 8. Deconstruction and Tragedy Jacques Derrida, Plato's Pharmacy Bibliography Index