This text is designed to serve as a primary source reader. It addresses medieval Christendom in the context of world history. It combines the traditional approach (the medieval Christian tradition found in the church hierarchy and theological development) with the newer approach to cultural diversity - diversity within European Christianity (women mystics, heretics, and popular religion), and diversity without, in a world context (non-European Christianity and relations with Islam, Judaism, and Buddhism).
Table of Contents
Part 1 Orthodoxy and Eterodoxy - Foundations of Christianity circa 50-450 CE: Jew and Gentile - Early Origins of Christianity - Jesus was Jewish - John's Story of the Samaritan Woman at the Well, The Gospel According to Paul - Jew and Gentile in Galatians, Ritual Practice - the Baptism Ceremony of Hippolytus; Christian and Roman - Conflict and Assimilation - Persecution - Dionysius the Wise, Patriarch of Alexandria, Revelation Versus Reason - Tertullian and Clement, Converting the Empire - Eusebius' Account of Constantine and Helen, Roman Versus Christian - the Altar of Victory Dispute; Heterodoxy and Orthodoxy - Defining Heresy - Ayrian Gnosticism - the Book of Thomas the Contender, Origenism - the End of the World, Arianism - Arius and the Nicene Creed, Nestorians - Nestorius, Cyril and Chalcedon; Life and Death - the Body and Resurrection - Heroic Martyrdom - Perpetua, Contemplative Death - Macrina, Hope of Resurrection - Tomb Inscriptions. Part 2 Patterns of Accommodation in Late Antiquity, circa 350-750: The Heritage of the Middle Ages - Creating an Authoritative Bible - Jerome, The Two Cities - Augustine of Hippo, Neoplatonic Mysticism - Pseudo-Dionysius and the Areopagite, The Consolation of Philosophy - Boethius; The Power of Christian Saints - Monks, Relics and Icons - Desert Fathers and Mothers - Abba Antony and Amma Syncletica, The Monastic Examplar - the Life of St. Benedict and the Rule of St. Benedict, Relics and Pilgrimage - the Martinellus of St. Martin of Tours, Byzantine Worship - the Debate over Iconoclasm; Adaptations of Christianity Outside the Roman World - Saintly Heroes in Ethiopia - the Book of the Saints of the Ethiopian Church, The Conversion of Nubia - John of Ephesus on Justinian and Theodora's Competition, Heroic Martyrs in South Arabia - the Women of Najran, Nestorian Christians in China - Stele; Christian Acculturation in Western Europe - Celtic Christianity and Hermetic Life - St. Columba's Rule, Frankish Christianity - Gregory of Tours on Clovis and Clothilde, Anglo-Saxon Christianity - Bede on Edwin and Ethelberga, Saxon Missions - Boniface and Leoba. Part 3 Christian Society in the Early Middle Ages circa 600-1050: Christian Kingship and Society - Theories of Authority and Power - Pope Gelasius I and Emperor Justinian, Royal Rituals and Laws - Visigothic Spain, Christian Emperor - Views on the Coronation of Charlemagne, Christian King - Alfred the Great; Christian Education and Theology - The Carolingian Renaissance - Charlemagne and Alcuin, Renaissance Theology - John Scottus Eruigena, Vernacular Learning - Alfred's Programme; Christian Practice and Literature - Sermons - Alfric of Eynsham, Liturgy - Rites for the Living and the Dead, Christian Poetry - the Dream of the Rood, Christian Drama - Hrotsvit of Gandersheim, Abraham; Christian Diversity and Accommodation - Conversion by Treaty - the Vikings, Animism and Accommodation - Charms, Dialogue - the Dispute of the (Part contents)