Think Tanks in the US and EU: The Role of Policy Institutes in Washington and Brussels

Christopher James Rastrick

July 27, 2017 by Routledge
Reference - 190 Pages - 1 B/W Illustrations
ISBN 9781138052178 - CAT# Y330915
Series: Routledge Research in Comparative Politics

USD$149.95

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Features

  • Aims to foment momentum in the study of these unique, often misunderstood organizations.
  • A comparative analysis of supranational and American think tanks will be used, with such an approach allowing major and nuanced differences between these two think tank communities to be exposed and analyzed.
  • Analyses the perceived role and structure of American and supranational think tanks, independent of one another.
  • Focuses on the perceived impact of these organizations, and particularly how supranational and American think tanks assess and gauge their own ‘success’ and the standards thereof.
  • Provides a comprehensive comparison of these two think tank models, focusing on the causes (and, naturally, effects) of their differentiated evolution.
  • Should be of interest to academics, students and policy experts working within public policy, comparative politics and political science more generally.

Summary

Why do US and EU think tanks diverge in their roles, priorities, and main constituencies? Providing the first substantive analytical comparison of think tanks in Washington and Brussels, this book explores the differences that exist and why they developed.

Two principal variables are identified – institutional credibility and political culture – as a measure of comparison between the two think tank models. Supranational think tanks have an inherent credibility with the institutions of the EU, which allows them to direct their resources and efforts to activities and outputs where they hold a comparative advantage. US think tanks lack such institutional recognition and so need to prove their credibility to their main constituencies. The result is that an adversarial and individualistic political culture has informed the norms and activities of Washington think tanks while the consensus-driven and collectivist political culture of Europe has influenced supranational think tanks. Think tanks are far from newcomers to the public policy scene, but our broader understanding of their role, structure and how they assess their own achievements is not yet fully developed.

By providing a framework within which to analyse this, this book will be of interest to academics, students and policy experts working within public policy, comparative politics and political science more generally.

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