The Social Thought of Talcott Parsons offers an insightful new reading of the work of Talcott Parsons, keeping in view at once the important influences of Max Weber on his sociology and the central place occupied by methodology - which enables us to better understand the relationship between American and European social theory. Revealing American democracy and its nemesis, National Socialism in Germany as the basis of his theory of society, this book explores the debates in which Parsons was engaged throughout his life, with the Frankfurt School, C. Wright Mills and the young radicals among the "disobedient" student generation, as well as economism and utilitarianism in social theory; the opponents that Parsons confronted in the interests of humanism. In addition to revisiting Parsons' extensive oeuvre, Uta Gerhardt takes up themes in current research and theory - including social inequality, civic culture, and globalization - offering a fascinating demonstration of what the conceptual approaches of Parsons can accomplish today. Revealing methodology and the American ethos to be the cornerstones of Parsons' social thought, this book will appeal not only to those with interests in classical sociology - and who wish to fully understand what this 'classic' has to offer - but also to those who wish to make sociology answer to the problems of the society of the present.
Table of Contents
Contents: Preface; Part I Themes: Positioning the Parsonian project. Part II Tenets: A product of modern European civilization: translating into English Max Weber’s Die protestantische Ethik und der Geist des Kapitalismus; A charter for modern sociology: the social system and the ethos of American democracy. Part III Dialogs: Encounters with the Frankfurt school: a story of exile, estrangement and epistemology; Beyond sociological imagination: the controversy with C. Wright Mills over power and knowledge; '...will not down...': the clash with utilitarianism in the name of the American societal community. Part IV Positions: The Parsons project today: social thought for the 21st century; Epilogue; Bibliography; Indexes.
'Uta Gerhardt offers an erudite, resolute, and spirited defense of Talcott Parsons' social thought against many of his critics and contenders, presents intriguing findings from the archives, and ventures distinctly Parsonian reflections on current issues in sociological theory and practice.' Howard Brick, University of Michigan, USA