The Handbook of Eyewitness Psychology presents a survey of research and legal opinions from international experts on the rapidly expanding scientific literature addressing the accuracy and limitations of eyewitnesses as a source of evidence for the courts. For the first time, extensive reviews of factors influencing witnesses of all ages-children, adults, and the elderly-are compiled in a single pair of volumes. The disparate research currently being conducted in eyewitness memory in psychology, criminal justice, and legal studies is coherently presented in this work.
Controversial topics such as the use of hypnosis, false and recovered memories, the impact of stress, and the accuracy of psychologically impaired witnesses are expertly examined. Leading eyewitness researchers also discuss the subjects of conversational memory, alibi evidence, witness credibility, facial memory, earwitness testimony, lineup theory, and expert testimony. The impact of witness testimony in court is considered, and each volume concludes with a legal commentary chapter.
The Handbook of Eyewitness Psychology is an invaluable aid to researchers, legal scholars, and practicing lawyers who need access to the most recent research in the field, accompanied by the interpretations and commentary of many of the world's leading authorities on these topics.
Table of Contents
Part 1. Finding Suspects. Person Descriptions as Eyewitness Evidence. Mug Books: More than Just Large Photospreads. Facial Composites: Forensic Utility and Psychological Research. Part 2. Identifying Suspects: System Variables. Remembering Faces. The Psychology of Speaker Identification and Earwitness Memory. Show-up Identifications: Suggestive Technique or Reliable Method? Lineup Construction and Lineup Fairness. Radical Alternatives to Traditional Lineups. A Role for Theory in Eyewitness Identification Research. Applied Lineup Theory. Part 3. Identifying Suspects: Estimator Variables. The Influence of Race on Eyewitness Memory. Person Description and Identification by Child Witnesses. Eyewitness Memory in Young and Older Adults. Remembering and Identifying Menacing Perpetrators: Exposure to Violence and the Weapon Focus Effect. The Effects of Delay on Eyewitness Identification Accuracy: Should we be Concerned? Eyewitness Confidence and the Confidence-accuracy Relationship in Memory for People. Distinguishing Accurate Identifications from Erroneous Ones: Post-dictive Indicators of Eyewitness Accuracy. Part 4. Belief of Eyewitness Identification. Has Eyewitness Research Penetrated the American Legal System? Belief of Eyewitness Identification Evidence. Part 5. Applying Psychological Research to Legal Practice. Generalizing Eyewitness Reliability Research. Mistaken Identification: Erroneous Convictions? - Assessing and Improving Legal Safeguards. Giving Away Psychology to Lawyers.
“The Handbook of Eyewitness Memory provides two authoritative volumes by leaders in this field of research. The volumes concentrate on Memory for Events (I) and Memory for People (II), providing thorough coverage of a huge range of topics. This is an important work, and it belongs on the shelves not only of psychologists interested in these topics, but also in police departments and in the offices of judges, prosecutors and defense lawyers. The issues surrounding eyewitness testimony are crucial in the criminal justice system and the current pair of volumes provides complete, authoritative and timely contributions.”
—Henry L. Roediger, III
Washington University in St. Louis
"These are landmark and long overdue volumes…every law enforcement official, every forensic expert, every judge, every criminal and civil trial lawyer will need to have a copy of them on their bookshelves.”
Duke University, School of Law
“In these terrific volumes many of the world’s most renowned eyewitness-memory researchers describe the state of the science in a wide variety of domains….they should appeal to a wide audience, from cognitive and social psychologists to legal scholars to those working on the front lines of forensics and the courts.”
—D. Stephen Lindsay
University of Victoria
“In the last 30 years researchers around the world have conducted thousands of studies designed to increase our understanding of eyewitness psychology. Indeed, this is one of the ‘hottest’ topics in the whole of psychology. Yet in the last ten years very few comprehensive overviews of this increasingly large topic have been published, even though it is of great interest not only to psychologists but to lawyers, police officers and many other professionals…This Handbook provides very exciting and extremely comprehensive yet detailed reviews of dozens of highly relevant issues. The chapter authors are the leading experts in the world, drawn from several countries. No other books on this crucial topic have been so substantial. It is a ‘must read’ for anybody with an interest in eyewitnesses.”
University of Leicester