Over 60 million people live in the SADCC countries; by 2000 AD the number will be over 100 million. The vast majority, city-dwellers as well as farmers, rely on wood fuel for domestic use. Supplies are diminishing as consumption grows. The quality of life is deteriorating yet further and the environment is more and more degraded.
But these phenomena are not simply the consequence of a wood shortage which might be cured by some cropping and management policy. They flow from a complex network of causes each contributing in its way to growing poverty and want which has, as one obvious symptom, the shortage of fuel for life's basic purposes.
The authors, by means of case studies, examine those causes throughout the nine SADCC countries and consider the policies that can be developed there which will not only help to alleviate the symptom but will help to prevent the imminent catastrophe which it represents.
Originally published in 1988
Table of Contents
Foreword by J. T. C. Sim6es, Regional Coordinator, SADCC Energy Sector
Part One the People's Fuel
1. Setting the Trap
The SADCC Region
Wood - the People's Fuel
The Heavy Costs of Deforestation
The Fuelwood Trap
2. Avoiding the Trap
Developing a New Approach
Learning from the People
Part Two Rural Areas
3. Building a Sustainable Future
People Know how to Grow Trees
4. Tackling the Problem on the Ground
Lilongwe Plain, Malawi
Gutu, Masvingo Province, Zimbabwe
Mwenezi, Masvingo Province, Zimbabwe
Swazi Nation Land, Swaziland
Dedza-Ntcheu Highlands, Malawi
5. The Secret of Success
Addressing the Causes
Spreading the Word
6. Locating the Problem Areas
The problem of Woody-biomass Supply Assessment
Biomass Supply in the SADCC Region: Country Overviews
Malawi: a Country Example
Part Three Urban Areas
7. Urban Energy Use
Urban Energy Context
What Shapes Energy Consumption?
Why are Fuel Choices Made?
8. Urban Energy Options
Improving Marketing and Transport
Appendix I Agroforestry Options for the SADCC Region
Appendix II Eucalyptus Friend or Foe?
Appendix III Beware the 'Miracle Tree'
Appendix IV Option for Seedling Production
Appendix V Seeds versus Seedlings