The Eugenics Movement: An International Perspective

1st Edition

Pauline Mazumdar

Published December 21, 2006
Reference - 2016 Pages
ISBN 9780415368711 - CAT# RU68715


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Table of Contents



Part I: The XIXth Century: Degeneration

1. Max Nordau, Entartung (1892), anonymously translated as Degeneration (New York, NY: Fertig, 1968), vii–ix; Book I, ‘Fin-de-siècle’, 1–44.

2. Emile Zola, Germinal (1885), translated by Havelock Ellis (1894) (London: Dent/Everyman, 1933), Part 7, 349–422.

3. Cesare Lombroso, Crime: Its Causes and Remedies (1906), translated by H. P. Horton (Montclair, NJ: Patterson-Smith, 1968), xxxiii–xxxvi; 365–84.

4. Charles Wicksteed Armstrong, ‘Is Degeneration a Photocopy?’, from his The Survival of the Unfittest (London: Daniel, 1927), 17–32.

Part II: The Xixth Century: Social Activism and Social Control

5. [Margaret] Fison, Handbook of the National Association for the Promotion of Social Science (London: Longman, 1859), 9–34; 68–78; 163–218.

6. Helen Dendy, ‘The Industrial Residuum’, Economic Journal (1863) 3: 600–16, reprinted in Bernard Bosanquet (ed.), Aspects of the Social Problem by Various Authors (London: Macmillan, 1895) 82–102.

7. Inter-Departmental Committee on Physical Deterioration, Report of the Inter-Departmental Committee on Physical Deterioration, Volume I (Report and Appendix) (London: HMSO, 1904) (‘the FitzRoy Report’), 38–9 (‘V. Alleged tendency of superior stocks in all classes towards a diminished rate of reproduction’); ‘VI. Food’; 39–44 (‘VII’); 44–71 (‘VIII. Conditions attending life of the juvenile population’); 95–7 (‘Appendix 1).


Part III: The Animal Model: Pedigrees and Breeders

The Geneticists Explain Mendelism to the Breeders

8. W. E. Castle, ‘Some Biological Principles of Animal Breeding’, American Breeders Magazine (1912) 3: 270–82.

9. Sewall Wright, ‘Mendelian Analysis of the Pure Breeds of Livestock. I. The Measurement of Inbreeding and Relationship’, Journal of Heredity (1923) 14: 339–48.

10. Sewall Wright, ‘Mendelian Analysis of the Pure Breeds of Livestock. II The Duchess Family of Shorthorns as Bred by Thomas Bates’, Journal of Heredity (1923) 14: 405–22.

11. Harry H. Laughlin, ‘Racing Capacity in the Thoroughbred Horse: Part I. The Measure of Racing Capacity’, ‘Part II. The Inheritance of Racing Capacity’ (Carnegie Institution of Washington, Supplementary Publications No. 7) (Washington, DC: Carnegie Institution, 1934). (Reprinted from The Scientific Monthly, March and April 1934, Vol. XXXVIII, 210–22 and 310–21.)

Animal Breeding and Racism

12. W. E. Castle, ‘Biological and Social Consequences of Race-crossing’, Journal of Heredity (1924) 15: 363–9.

Part IV: Pauperism, Feeblemindedness and Differential Fertility: The Eugenics Education Society in Britain

The Founders

13. Francis Galton, ‘Hereditary Talent and Character’, Macmillan’s Magazine (1865) 12: 318–27.

14. Charles Darwin, ‘Natural Selection as Affecting Civilized Nations’, from his The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex, 2nd revised edn (London: Murray, 1909), 944–7.

15. David Heron, ‘On the Relation of Fertility in Man to Social Status, and on the Changes in this Relation that have Taken Place in the Last Fifty Years’, from the Department of Applied Mathematics, University College, University of London; in the series ‘Draper’s Company Research Memoirs: Studies in National Deterioration’ (London: Dulau, 1906).

16. [Mrs Walter Slater], The Problem of the Feebleminded: An Abstract of the Report of the Royal Commission on the Care and Control of the Feebleminded with an Introduction by the Rt Hon Sir Edward Fry, GCB and contributions from Sir Francis Galton, FRS, the Rev W. R. Inge, DD, Professor Pigou and Miss Mary Dendy (London: King, 1909), 97–101 (A. C. Pigou); 105–13 (Mary Dendy).

17. Eric J. Lidbetter, ‘Some Examples of Poor Law Eugenics’, Eugenics Review (1910–11) 2: 204–28.

18. Ethel M. Elderton, Amy Barrington, Gertrude Jones, Edith M. M. de G. Lamotte, H. J. Laski and Karl Pearson, On the Correlation of Fertility with Social Value: A Cooperative Study. From the University of London, Francis Galton for National Eugenics, Eugenics Laboratory Memoirs, XVIII (London: Dulau, 1913), 1–72

19. Karl Pearson, ‘Social Problems: Their Treatment, Past, Present and Future’ (A lecture delivered at the Galton Laboratory for National Eugenics, 19 March 1912, in the series ‘Questions of the Day and of the Fray’, No. V, 2–40 (London: Dulau, 1912).)


Part V: Eugenics in the Unites States: Immigration, Sterilization and The Law

20. Charles B. Davenport, Heredity in Relation to Eugenics (New York, NY: Holt, 1911), 6–25; 204–24.

21. Harry H. Laughlin, ‘Analysis of America’s Modern Melting Pot’, in Hearings Before the House Committee on Immigration and Naturalization, House of Representatives, 67th Congress, 3rd Session (Washington, DC: GPO, 1922), 724–69.

22. Harry H. Laughlin, ‘Calculations on the Working Out of a Proposed Program of Sterilization’, in Proceedings of the National Conference on Race Betterment, January 8–12 1914 (Battle Creek, MI: Race Betterment Foundation, 1914), 478–92.

23. Madison Grant, The Passing of the Great Race, or, the Racial Basis of European History (New York, NY: Scribners, 1922), 213–27.

24. Paul Popenoe and Roswell Hill Johnson, Applied Eugenics (New York, NY: Macmillan, 1933), 123–80.

Part VI: Eugenics and Genetics

25. David Heron, Mendelism and the Problem of Mental Defect: A Criticism of Recent American Work, No. 7 in a series called ‘Questions of the Day and Fray’ (London: Dulau, 1913), 3–62.

26. Sewall Wright, ‘Correlation and Causation’, Journal of Agricultural Research (1921) 20: 557–85.

27. Lancelot Hogben, Genetic Principles in Medicine and Social Science (London: Williams and Wilkins, 1931; New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1932), 68–90; 200–20.

28. Lionel Penrose, Mental Defect (from the series ‘Textbooks of Social Biology’, edited by Lancelot Hogben) (London: 1933), 1–13; 85–95.

29. J. B. S. Haldane, ‘Evolution and our Weak Points’, from Science Advances (London: Allen and Unwin, 1947), 118–120.

30. J. B. S. Haldane, Heredity and Politics (New York, NY: Norton, 1938), 13–44.

31. Letitia Fairfield, The Case against Sterilisation, 2nd edn (London: Catholic Truth Society, 1935), 3–33

32. Fritz Lenz, ‘Methods for the Study of Human Heredity’, from Erwin Baur, Eugen Fischer and Fritz Lenz, Human Heredity, translated by Eden and Cedar Paul (London: Unwin, 1931), 495–561.

33. John Burdon Sanderson Haldane, ‘A Provisional Map of a Human Chromosome’, Nature (1936) 137: 398–400.


Part VII: Eugenik and Rassenhygiene: Eugenics in Germany

34. Ernst Rüdin, ‘Praktische Ergebnisse der psychiatrischen Erblichkeitsforschung’, Archiv für Rassen- und Gesellschaftsbiologie (1930) 24: 228–37. (Translated by P. M. H. Mazumdar as ‘Practical Results of Research in Psychiatric Genetics’.)

35. Fritz Lenz, ‘Die Stellung des Nationalsozialismus zur Rassenhygiene’, Archiv für Rassen- und Gesellschaftsbiologie (1931) 25: 300–8. (Translated by P. M. H. Mazumdar as ‘The Position of National Socialism on Race Hygiene’.)

36. Hermann Muckermann, Eugenik und Katholizismus (Berlin: Metzner Verlag, 1933) (Translated and annotated by P. M. H. Mazumdar.)

37. Pope Pius XI, Casti Connubii (encyclical of 31 December 1930 on Christian marriage).

Part VIII: France: Eugenics and Lamarkism

First International Eugenics Congress, London, 24–30 July 1912

38. François Hallopeau, ‘Sur la prophylaxie de la syphilis héréditaire et son action eugénique’, Problems in Eugenics (London: Eugenics Education Society, 1912), 343–50. (Translated by the Eugenics Society as ‘On the Prevention of Hereditary Syphilis and its Eugenic Effect’.)

39. Adolphe Pinard, ‘Considérations générales sur ‘La puériculture avant la procréation’, ‘Problems in Eugenics’ (London: Eugenics Education Society, 1912), 457–9. (Translated as ‘General Remarks on "Puericulture before Procreation"’.)

Congress of the Royal Institute of Public Health, Paris, 15–19 May 1913

40. [Anon], ‘Eugenics and Public Health’, Eugenics Review (1913) 5: 157–65 (report on section on eugenics and child study).

The First World War

41. Lucien March, ‘Some Attempts Towards Race Hygiene in France During the War’, Eugenics Review (1918) 10: 195–212.

42. Charles Robert Richet, ‘Le problème ou le préjugé des races’, Revue générale des sciences pures et appliqués (1906) 16: 883–91. (Translated by P. M. H. Mazumdar as ‘Race Problem or Race Prejudice’.)

43. Charles Robert Richet, La sélection humaine (Paris: Félix Alcan, 1912–19), 224–35 (‘Conclusions générales’). (Translated by P. M. H. Mazumdar, as ‘Overview and Conclusion’.)

The Population Problem

44. Hon. H. Onslow, ‘The French Commission on Depopulation’, Eugenics Review (1913) 5: 130–52.

45. David V. Glass, The Struggle for Population (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1936), 16–32; 72–91.

46. Alexis Carrell, Man the Unknown [1935] (London: Hamish Hamilton, 1938), 257–98 (‘The Remaking of Man’).


Part IX: Eugenics and Genetics in the Soviet Union

47. G. K. Batkis, ‘Evgenika’, from Bol’shaia sovetskaia entsiklopedia (1931) 23: 812–19.

48. John Burdon Sanderson Haldane, ‘Vavilov’, and ‘Genetics in the Soviet Union’, reprinted in his Science Advances (London: Allen, 1947), 210–12; 220–3.

49. Raissa L. Berg, Sukhovei Vospominiania Genetika (New York, NY: 1983). (Translated by David Lowe as Acquired Traits: Memoirs of a Geneticist from the Soviet Union (New York, NY: Viking-Penguin 1988), 149–63; 270–318.)

The Lysenko Controversy: Contemporary Voices

50. Trofim Denisovitch Lysenko, Soviet Biology: Report to the Lenin Academy of Agricultural Sciences (London: Birch, 1948), 5–51.

51. P. S. Hudson and R. H. Richens, The New Genetics in the Soviet Union (Cambridge: Imperial Bureau of Plant Breeding and Genetics, 1946), 32–51 (‘On the Evidence’); 70–6 (‘On the interpretation’).

Part X: South America: Eugenics, Puériculture and Racelessness

On Puériculture and Women

52. Domingo F. Ramos, ‘Homiculture in its relations to eugenics in Cuba’, in Eugenics in Race and State: Scientific Papers of the Second International Congress of Eugenics, New York, 1921 (Baltimore, MD: Williams, 1923), 432–4.

53. Renato Ferraz Kehl, ‘Eugenics Abroad, III. In Brazil’, Eugenics Review (1931–2) 23: 234–6.

54. Renato Ferraz Kehl, ‘Eugenics in Brazil’, Eugenics Review (1936) 27: 231–2

On Race

55. Gilberto Freyre, ‘Social life in Brazil in the Middle of the XIXth Century’ [1922] from The Hispano-American Review: Readings in Latin-American History, Vol. 2 (‘Since 1810) (New York, NY: Crowell, 1966), 215–36.


Part XI: Eugenics in Canada: ‘Our Own Master Race’

The Advocates

56. Helen MacMurchy, Sterilization? Birth Control? A Book for Family Welfare and Safety (Toronto: Macmillan, 1934), 9–84.

57. Madge Thurlow Macklin, ‘The Value of Medical Genetics to the Clinician’, in C. B. Davenport, C. E. Keeler, Maud Slye and Madge T. Macklin, Medical Genetics and Eugenics (Philadelphia, PA: Woman’s Medical College, 1940), 128–41.

The Church

58. Hervé Blais, Les tendances eugénistes au Canada (Montréal, Québec: L’Institute familiale, 1942), v–vii; ‘L’eugénique devant la pensée catholique’, 133–72. (Translated by P. M. H. Mazumdar as ‘Catholic Thinking on Eugenics’.)

59. Gaston LaPierre, ‘Les campagnes internationales actuelles d’eugénisme’, Revue trimestrielle canadienne (1935) 21: 356–72. (Translated by P. M. H. Mazumdar as ‘International Eugenics Today’.)

Law Reform

60. Law Reform Commission, Sterilization: Implications for Mentally Retarded and Mentally Ill Persons, Working Paper 24 (1979), 23–73.

61. Institute of Law Research and Reform, Edmonton, Alberta, Sterilization Decisions: Minors and Mentally Incompetent Adults, Report for Discussion No. 6 (March 1988), 41–83.

62. Institute of Law Research and Reform, Edmonton, Alberta, Competence and Human Reproduction, Report No. 52 (February 1989), 31–45.

63. Anne Marie Owen, ‘Alberta Woman Fights to Control Money—STERILIZATION VICTIM—Government Handles Claimants’ Money that it Awarded’, National Post, 7 April 1999.

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