Andrea Kiss, Kathleen Pribyl
December 20, 2019 Forthcoming
Reference - 272 Pages - 43 B/W Illustrations
ISBN 9781138590366 - CAT# K386743
Series: Routledge Environmental Humanities
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This volume investigates environmental and political crisis that occurred in Europe during the late Middle Ages and the early Modern Period, and considers their effects on people’s lives. At this time, the fragile human existence was imagined as a ‘Dance of Death’, where anyone regardless of social status or age could perish unexpectedly. This book covers events ranging from cooling temperatures and the onset of the Little Ice Age, to the frequent occurrence of epidemic disease, the infestation of pests, food shortages and famines.
Covering the mid-fourteenth to mid-seventeenth centuries, this collection of essays considers a range of countries between Iceland (to the north), Italy (to the south), France (to the west) and the westernmost parts of Russia (to the east). This wide-reaching volume considers how deeply climate variability and changes affected and changed society in the late medieval to early modern period and asks what factors, other than climate, interfered in the development of environmental stress and socio-economic crises.
This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of Environmental and Climate History, Environmental Humanities, Medieval and Early Modern History and Historical Geography, as well as Climate Change and Environmental Sciences.
PART 1: NORTHERN AND WESTERN EUROPE
1. Famines, mortality, livestock deaths and scholarship: environmental stress in Iceland ca. 1500-1700 Astrid E.J. Ogilvie
2. Winter severity in medieval Sweden: the documentary evidence Dag Retsö and Johan Söderberg
3. The Grain trade, economic distress and social disorder at a time of environmental stress in East Anglia, 1400-ca. 1440 Kathleen Pribyl
4. War, climatic stress and environmental degradation during the 15th and 16th centuries: the case of the north Flemish coastal landscape in the estuary of the Western Scheldt Adriaan M.J. de Kraker
PART 2: CENTRAL EUROPE
5. From the alpine mountain height to the Swiss Lake District: climate and society in the city and Republic of Berne from the 14th to the 16th centuries Chantal Camenisch
6. Apocalyptic riders in the borderlands: dealing with locust invasion, diseases and war in fifteenth- and sixteenth-century Eastern and Southern Austria Christian Rohr
7. A dynamic interplay of weather, biological factors and socio-economic interactions: late 15th-century-early 16th-century crises in Hungary Andrea Kiss
8. The extreme year of 1540 in terms of climate variation from the perspective of historical sources derived from the Polish and Baltic territories Wiesław Nowosad and Piotr Oliński
PART 3. SOUTHERN EUROPE AND BEYOND
9. Migration patterns from Dalmatian hinterland during and after the great hunger of 1453-1454 as consequence of environmental and political crisis Zrinka Nikolić Jakus
10. The "Danse Macabre" among climatic variability, famines and epidemics in Northern Italy during the 15th and 16th centuries: an overview through documentary sources Silvia Enzi, Francesca Becherini and Mirca Sghedoni
11. ‘Toute chose se desnature’: environmental changes of the 14th century in the perspective of contemporary witnesses (c. 1330-1400) Thomas Labbé
12. Chronology and impact of a global moment in the thirteenth century: the Samalas eruption revisited Martin Bauch