Test Scoring provides a summary of traditional true score test theory and modern item response theory related to scoring tests, as well as novel developments resulting from the integration of these approaches. The background material introduced in the first four chapters builds a foundation for the new developments covered in later chapters. These new methods offer alternative psychometric approaches to scoring complex assessments.
Each of the book's contributors draws from the classic literature of traditional test theory, as well as psychometric developments of the past decade. The emphasis is on large-scale educational measurement but the topics and procedures may be applied broadly within many measurement contexts.
Numerous graphs and illustrative examples based on real tests and actual data are integrated throughout. This multi-authored volume shows the reader how to combine the coded outcomes on individual test items into a numerical summary about the examinee's performance.
This book is intended for researchers and students in education and other social sciences interested in educational assessment and policy, the design and development of tests, and the procedures for test administration and scoring. Prerequisites include an introduction to educational and psychological measurement and basic statistics. Knowledge of differential and integral calculus and matrix algebra is helpful but not required.
Table of Contents
Contents: Preface. D. Thissen, H. Wainer, Overview of Test Scoring. Part I: Traditional Test Theory and Item Response Theory. H. Wainer, D. Thissen, True Score Theory: The Traditional Method. D. Thissen, M. Orlando, Item Response Theory for Items Scored in Two Categories. D. Thissen, L. Nelson, K. Rosa, L.D. McLeod, Item Response Theory for Items Scored in More Than Two Categories. Part II: Factor Analytic Theory. L.D. McLeod, K.A. Swygert, D. Thissen, Factor Analysis for Items Scored in Two Categories. K.A. Kwygert, L.D. McLeod, D. Thissen, Factor Analysis for Items or Testlets Scored in More Than Two Categories. Part III: Special Problems, Special Solutions (A Section of Applications). K. Rosa, K.A. Swygert, L. Nelson, D. Thissen, Item Response Theory Applied to Combinations of Multiple-Choice and Constructed-Response Items--Scale Scores for Patterns of Summed Scores. D. Thissen, L. Nelson, K.A. Swygert, Item Response Theory Applied to Combinations of Multiple-Choice and Constructed-Response Items--Approximation Methods for Scale Scores. H. Wainer, J.L. Vevea, F. Camacho, B.B. Reeve, III, K. Rosa, L. Nelson, K.A. Swygert, D. Thissen, Augmented Scores--"Borrowing Strength" to Compute Scores Based on Small Numbers of Items.
"[This] comprehensive and careful hardback provides a thorough coverage of traditional and modern approaches to the valid scoring of responses to objective assessment items, both individual and in sets....While the background to the work is the state-wide assessment of learners in the US, it is entirely applicable to the administration of objective assessments in any context, at least where the scale is large enough....Test Scoring pulls no mathematical punches, and we're into matrix algebra and statistical variance manipulation within a couple of dozen pages."
—British Journal of Educational Technology