Few scientific developments have given rise to as much controversy as biotechnology. Numerous groups are united in their opposition, expressing concern over environmental and health risks, impacts on rural livelihoods, the economic dominance of multinational companies and the ethical implications of crossing species boundaries. Among the supporters of the technology are those that believe in its potential to enhance food security, further economic development, increase productivity and reduce environmental pressures. As a result, countries - and sectors within countries - find themselves at odds with each other while potential opportunities for development offered by the use of biotechnology are seized or missed, and related risks go unmanaged.
This book, a unique interdisciplinary collection of perspectives from the developing world, examines the ongoing debate. Writing for the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development, leading experts address issues such as diffusion of technology, intellectual property rights, the Cartagena Protocol, impacts of international trade, capacity building and biotechnology research and regulation. With the most recent and relevant examples from around the world, Trading in Genes offers the reader a single-volume overview of the connections between biotechnology, trade and sustainability that is both wide-ranging and thorough.
Table of Contents
Foreword * Part I: Global Governance * The World Summit on Sustainable Development: Was it Worthwhile? * Security and Sustainability * The Trade and Environment Agenda Post-Johannesburg * Moving Beyond Kyoto: Developing Coutnries, Climate Change and Sustainable Development * Financing Sustainable Development: Is There Life after Johannesburg? * Global Public Goods: Some Key Questions * Towards Better Multilateral Environmental Agreements: Filling the Knowldege Gap * The International Framework for Action: Is the CSD the Best We Can Do? * Part II: National and Local Governance * National Sustainable Development Strategies * Striving for Good Governance in Urban Areas: The Role of Local Agenda 21s in Africa, Asia and Latin America * Part III: Equity and Sustainable Development - Towards New Ways of Working? * Environment and Human Rights: A New Approach to Sustainable Development * The Politics of Radical Partnerships: Sustainable Development, Rights and Responsibilities * The Age of Globalization * What does the Feminization of Labour Mean for Sustainable Livelihoods? * Environment and Human Health: Towards a Shared Agenda for Sustainable Development * The Links between Migration, Globalization and Sustainable Development * Research Partnerships for Sustainable Development * Part IV: Poverty Reduction and Natural Resource Management * Poverty and Environment * Forest Policy and Practice since UNCED * Poverty Reduction through Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity * Reconciling Agriculture and Wildlife:Policy and Research Challenges of 'Ecoagriculture' * Improving Access to Water and Sanitation: Rethinking the Way Forward in Light of the Millennium Development Goals * Part V: Markets and Sustainable Development * Do the Poor Count? * The Chains of Agriculture: Sustainability and the Restructuring of Agrifood Markets * Pro-poor Tourism: Harnessing the World's Largest Industry for the World's Poor; Turning the Rhetoric into Action for Sustainable Development and Poverty Reduction * Mining and Minerals: Breaking New Ground * Corporate Citizenship: Revisiting the Relationship between Business, Good Governance and Sustainable Development * Index