This collection offers empirical studies and theoretical essays about human communication in everyday life. The writings come from many of the world's leading researchers and cut across academic boundaries, engaging scholars and teachers from such disciplines as communication, sociology, anthropology, linguistics, and education. Chapters emphasize empirical, qualitative studies of people's everyday uses of talk-in-interaction, and they feature work in such areas as sociolinguistics, conversation analysis, discourse analysis, and ethnography.
The volume is dedicated to and highlights themes in the work of the late Robert Hopper, an outstanding scholar in communication who pioneered research in Language and Social Interaction (LSI). The contributors examine various features of human interaction (such as laughter, vocal repetition, and hand gestures) occurring naturally within a variety of settings (at a dinner table, a doctor's office, an automotive repair shop, and so forth), whereby interlocutors accomplish aspects of their interpersonal or institutional lives (resolve a disagreement, report bad medical news, negotiate a raise, and more), all of which may relate to larger social issues (including police brutality, human spirituality, death, and optimism).
The chapters in this anthology show that social life is largely a communicative accomplishment and that people constitute the social realities experienced every day through small and subtle ways of communicating, carefully orchestrated but commonly taken for granted. In showcasing the diversity of contemporary LSI research, this volume is appropriate for scholars and graduate students in language and social interaction, communication, sociology, research methods, qualitative research methods, discourse analysis, conversation analysis, linguistics, and related areas.
Table of Contents
Contents: C.D. LeBaron, J. Mandelbaum, P.J. Glenn, An Overview of Language and Social Interaction Research. Part I: Orienting to the Field of Language and Social Interaction. J.J. Bradac, Extending the Domain of Speech Evaluation: Message Judgments. J.C. Heritage, Designing Questions and Setting Agendas in the News Interview. K.L. Fitch, Taken-for-Granteds in (an) Intercultural Communication. R.T. Craig, A.L. Sanusi, "So What Do You Guys Think?": Think Talk and Process in Student-Led Classroom Discussions. C.D. LeBaron, T. Koschmann, Gesture and the Transparency of Understanding. Part II: Talk in Everyday Life. C.M. Jones, Utterance Restarts in Telephone Conversation: Marking Topic Initiation and Reluctance. C. Goodwin, Recognizing Assessable Names. S.D. Corbin, Interactional Problems With "Did You" Questions and Responses. W.A. Beach, Managing Optimism. S.G. Lawrence, Rejecting Illegitimate Understandings. J. Mandelbaum, Interactive Methods for Constructing Relationships. G. Jefferson, A Note on Resolving Ambiguity. E.A. Schegloff, The Surfacing of the Suppressed. P.J. Glenn, Sex, Laughter, and Audiotape: On Invoking Features of Context to Explain Laughter in Interaction. H. Houtkoop-Steenstra, Gender Differences in Telephone Conversations. Part III: Talk in Institutional Settings. P. Drew, Comparative Analysis of Talk-in-Interaction in Different Institutional Settings: A Sketch. R.E. Sanders, Conversational Socializing on Marine VHF Radio: Adapting Laughter and Other Practices to the Technology in Use. J.L. Molloy, H. Giles, Law Enforcement and Community Policing: An Intergroup Communication Approach. G.H. Morris, Preventatives in Social Interaction. E.D. Wrobbel, The Interactional Construction of Self-Revelation: Creating an "Aha" Moment. K.A. Bruder, "A World in a Grain of Sand": Therapeutic Discourse as Making Much of Little Things. A. Pomerantz, Modeling as a Teaching Strategy in Clinical Training: When Does It Work? D.W. Maynard, R.M. Frankel, Indeterminancy and Uncertainty in the Delivery of Diagnostic News in Internal Medicine: A Single Case Analysis. D.P. Modaff, Body Movement in the Transition From Opening to Task in Doctor-Patient Interviews. Part IV: Emerging Trajectories: Body, Mind, and Spirit. J. Streeck, The Body Taken for Granted: Lingering Dualism in Research on Social Interaction. G.H. Lerner, D.H. Zimmerman, Action and the Appearance of Action in the Conduct of Very Young Children. J.V. Modaff, Speech Melody and Rhetorical Style: Paul Harvey as Exemplar. N.P. Stucky, S.M. Daughton, The Body Present: Reporting Everyday Life Performance. M.C. González, Ethnography as Spiritual Practice: A Change in the Taken-for-Granted (or an Epistemological Break With Science). M.H. Brown, The Tao and Narrative. K.G. Drummond, Conversational Enslavement in "The Truman Show." E.A. Schegloff, On ESP Puns. Part V: Robert Hopper: Teacher and Scholar. J. Mandelbaum, Robert Hopper: An Intellectual History. S.L. Ragan, The Scientist as Humanist: Moral Values in the Opus of Robert Hopper. L.H. Jarmon, The Great Poem. W.A. Beach, Phone Openings, "Gendered" Talk, and Conversations About Illness. J.J. Bradac, Nothing Promised. R. Hopper, The Last Word. Appendix: Transcription Symbols.