Strict and Facultative Anaerobes: Medical and Environmental Aspects reviews all aspects of anaerobic bacteria, highlighting their environmental and medical importance. The first three chapters focus on taxonomy, anaerobic metabolism and the genetic regulation of anaerobic processes in strict and facultative anaerobes. The next section includes an examination of the physiological traits of anaerobic bacteria that enable them to be beneficial in one situation but hazardous to human and animal health in others. Other topics include the anaerobic nature of infections, latency, anaerobic biofilms, and toxin production. The final section reviews iron, selenate, and arsenate reduction, as well as oxidation of halogenated organics, ammonium oxidation, and acetogenesis.
This important book provides detailed coverage of the wide-ranging capabilities of anaerobic bacteria. It examines their basic biology and chemistry, medical importance, and applications in biotechnology and environmental science. It is an essential reference for everyone interested in anaerobic bacteria, environmental biology, medical microbiology, and industrial bacteriology.
Table of Contents
Overview. The Phylogeny and Classification of Anaerobic Bacteria. An Overview of Anaerobic Metabolism. Redox (Oxygen)-Dependent Gene Regulation in Facultative Anaerobes. Medical Aspects. Anaerobic Metabolism by Pseudomonas aeruginosa in Cystic Fibrosis Airway Biofilms: Role of Nitric Oxide, Quorum Sensing, and Alginate Production. Oral Microbial Communities: Genetic Analysis of Oral Biofilms. The Gut Microflora. The Bacillus Holds its Breath - Latency and the Hypoxic Response of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Molecular Basis for Aerotolerance of the Obligately Anaerobic Bacteroides spp. Clostridial and Bacteroides Toxins: Structure and Mode of Action. Toxin Gene Regulation in Clostridium. Use of Anaerobic Bacteria for Cancer Therapy. Environmental/Industrial Aspects. Bioremediation Processes Coupled to the Microbial Reduction of Fe(III)oxide in Sedimentary Environments. Prokaryotic Arsenate and Selenate Respiration. Molecular and Cellular Biology of Acetogenic Bacteria. Anaerobic Oxidation of Inorganic Nitrogen Compounds. Reductive Dechlorination of Polychlorinated Benzenes and Dioxins. Biotransformation of Carbon Tetrachloride by Facultative Anaerobic Bacterium Pseudomonas stutzeri. Solventogenesis by Clostridia. Clostridial Cellulosome. Microbial Community Structure and Functions in Methane Fermentation Technology for Wastewater Treatment.