First published in 1988. Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty is well-known for broadcasting news and information to millions of listeners in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union. In order to be an effective surrogate home service, RFE/RL has built up over the years a large research capacity, where Western-trained specialists describe and analyze develop
Table of Contents
Foreword -- Introduction -- Gorbachev Turns to Political Reform -- Gorbachev’s Changing Priorities -- Conflict of Interests and Ideas: The January Plenum -- Curbs on Arbitrary Behavior -- Burlatskii on Democratization -- Experiment with Contested Elections -- Glasnost Gains Momentum -- The Tools of Restructuring -- Return of Forbidden Literature -- Rediscovering Soviet History -- Criticism of the Afghanistan War -- Telebridges with the West -- Social Ills Exposed -- Prostitution in the USSR -- Drug Abuse -- Faltering Health Services -- The Misery of Rural Life -- The Lackluster Economy -- Little Glasnost on Economic Accomplishment -- Social Justice and Economic Progress -- Expansion of the Cooperative Sector -- Approaching the Ecological Barrier* -- Low Targets and Low Growth -- New Thinking on Security -- Sources of Security Reconsidered -- The Reykjavik Watershed -- Wisdom of Soviet Missiles Questioned -- Red Square Landing Shakes up Top Military -- Toward an Inf Treaty and Beyond -- Moscow’s Foreign Policy and Public Relations -- The Vladivostok Speech -- Into Southeast Asia and the Pacific -- Iran and the Gulf War -- The Chautauqua Conference in Latvia -- Human Rights and Foreign Policy -- Ferment among Soviet Nationalities -- The Kazakhstan Riots -- Language Demands in Belorussia and the Ukraine -- Nationality Discord in Estonia -- Pamiat Takes to the Streets -- Czechoslovakia: The Touchstone of Gorbachevism -- The Springs of Prague and Moscow -- The Ultracautious Reformers -- The Trial of the Jazz Fans -- Gorbachev’s Delayed Visit -- East Germany, Hungary, and Reform -- GDR: Complacency of the Unreformed -- Hungary: Despondency of the Reformed -- East Germany’s Restive Churches -- Hungarian Experiments Continue -- Progress in Poland? -- Amnesty at Last -- New Consultative Council -- Solidarity Attempts to Regroup -- Diplomatic Isolation Broken -- Special Relationship with Miscow -- The Pope’s Visit -- The Balkan Ways -- Reform Albanian Style -- Ceauşescu and Gorbachev -- Greek-Bulgarian Friendship Treaty -- Genocide in Kosovo? -- Dissension Among Dissidents -- Yugoslavia’s Divided Opposition -- Soviet Dissidents on Glasnost -- Czechoslovak Opposition Ponders Reform -- The Fad of Oriental Religions -- In Search of a New Europe -- The Europeans of the East -- A Comecon-Common Market Rapprochement -- East Berlin Cultivates European Identity -- Three Faces of Central Europe -- Whither the USSR? -- Popular Dissatisfaction with Gorbachev -- Liberalization and Soviet Jewry -- The Growth of “Informal Groups” -- The June Plenum: Too Far or Not Far Enough?