An attempt at a final summary of much of my work in anthropology has been divided into two separate volumes, Status Inequality: The Self in Culture, 1990, published by Sage Publications and this present volume, Social Cohesion and Alienation: Minorities in the United States and Japan. Many of the themes touched upon in both volumes have appeared in a series of writings that stretch through a period starting in the early sixties through the late eighties. Some of these efforts resulted in books; others appeared separately as invited contributions to symposia, as special issues of journals, or as parts of edited volumes.
Table of Contents
List of Figures, Tables, and Chart -- Preface -- Introduction: A Comparative Approach to Social Cohesion and Minority Alienation -- Chapter Themes and Their Research Base -- Contemporary Japan -- Ethnic America -- 1. Confucian Hierarchy Versus Class Consciousness in Japan -- Historical Patterns in Vertical Relationships -- The Relative Absence of Disruptive Industrial Strife or Personal Alienation: Psychocultural Reasons -- The Expressive Functions of Japanese Paternalism -- Nurture and Succor, Expressive Needs: Actuality and Illusion in Japan -- The Religion of the Family: The Confucian Ethos -- Social Hierarchy in Traditional Confucian Thought -- Confucian Influences on Fonnal Education During the Meiji Period -- Locus of Power Related to Self-Development in Confucian Thought -- Hannony and Propriety: Goals in Confucian Childhood Socialization -- Role Behavior and Religious Experience -- Regularity and Order in the Aesthetic and the Moral -- The Pleasures of Self-Constraint -- Conclusion: Confucianism as a Religion of Family Continuity, Reverence and Gratitude -- 2. Forms or Alienation: Suicide in Japan -- Crises in Belonging: Experiencing Loss of Social Cohesion -- Frustrations of a Dependent Attachment or a Rupture of Status -- Fonns of Japanese Suicide, Past and Present -- Japanese Vulnerability to Suicide: Basic Socialization Experiences -- Crises in Social Cohesion Within Japanese Society -- Suicide: A Failure of Love as Well as an Act of Aggression -- 3. Delinquency, Family Cohesion, and Minority Alienation -- Deviant Behavior: An Index of Relative Social Cohesion -- Urban Migration in Cross-Cultural Perspective -- Social Cohesion and Community Organization in Japan -- Family Life and Delinquency in Japan -- Delinquency in Minorities -- Minority Status and Deviancy in Japan -- 4. The Outcaste Tradition in Modern Japan: A Problem in Social Self-Identity -- Introduction -- Some Ethnographic Features of Urban Duraku -- Group Solidarity Within Duraku Communities -- Socialization, Social Identity and Burakumin Status -- Deviant Attitudes Toward Authority in Educational, Legal, Medical and Welfare Matters -- Conclusion: Class Versus Caste Differences; Implications for a Theory of Social Exploitation -- 5. Ethnic Persistence and Role Degradation: Koreans in Japan -- Instrumental and Expressive Aspects of Ethnic Continuity: The Korean Case -- Koreans in Japan: Expressive Features of Their Social History -- The Maintenance of a Korean Identity: Instrumental Goals Versus Expressive Needs -- Problems of Minority Cohesion in the Japanese State -- 6. Social Degradation and Minority Adaptation -- Adaptive Strategies in American Minorities: Adjustive Considerations -- American Racism and Japanese Adaptation Is There a "Culture of Poverty"? -- 7. Selective Permeability, Field Dependence -- and Reference Group Sanctioning• -- The Function of the Peer Group as a Socializing Agent in Ethnic Identity -- The Defensive Functions of the Peer Group: Reference Group Theory Reconsidered -- Selective Permeability -- American Minorities in the Classroom: Some Psychocultural Considerations -- Peer Group Versus Family as a Reference Group -- Individualistic Adaptation Is Not Necessarily in Conflict with Social Cohesiveness and Social Sensitivity -- Selective Permeability and Social Maturation: An Illustration -- 8. The Passing of Passing in Contemporary Society -- The United States and Japan: Polar Concepts in Social Cohesion -- The Long Voyage Home: The Myth of the Mayflower in Multi-Ethnic America -- Group Change in American Culture: Kin, Class, Caste or Ethnicity? -- Mobility and Vicissitudes in the Experience of Ethnic Identity -- The Persona in Modern Society: Individual or Group? -- The Assumption or Realization of Proper Roles -- Psychocultural Motives for Identity Maintenance or Passing -- Social Cohesion and Belonging in Contemporary America -- About the Book and Author.