Rhetoric and Wonder in English Travel Writing, 1560-1613, shows how rhetorical invention, elocution and ethos combined to create plausible representations by generating intellectual and emotional significances which, meaningful in consensual terms, were 'consensually' true. However, some traveller-writers betrayed an unease with such representation, rooted as it was in a metaphorical epistemology out of kilter with an increasingly empiricist age. This book throws new light onto the episteme shift that ushered in modernity with its distrust of metaphor in particular and rhetoric's 'wordish descriptions' in general. In response to the empirical desiderata of scientific rationalism, traveller-writers textually or physically made their own bodies available as evidence of their encounters with wonder, thus transforming themselves into wonderful objects. The irony is that, far from dispensing with rhetoric, they merely put the accent on its more dramatic arts of gesture and action. The body's evidence could still be doctored, but its illusory truths were better able to satisfy the empirical demand for 'ocular proof'. The author's main purposes here are to complement, and sometimes counter, recent work on early modern travel literature by concentrating on its use of rhetoric to communicate meaning; and to suggest how familiarity with the workings of rhetoric and its communicative and epistemological premises may enhance readings of early modern English literature generally.
Table of Contents
Contents: Preface; Introduction: Wonder, rhetoric and travel; The truth of travel writing; Wonder texts; Inventing and elocuting wonder; Composing and acting wonder; Epilogue; References; Select index.
'... an impressive achievement.' Times Literary Supplement ’... an excellent study of early modern rhetoric.’ Sixteenth Century Journal ’... a study that not only offers readers a very useful review of a body of both canonical and relatively unfamiliar texts, but also raises some difficult and necessary questions about our current approach to them as literary and cultural documents.’ Studies in Travel Writing