Whether the nearly twelve years of military rule in Peru--between October 1968 and July 1980--are labelled a revolution, œso-called revolution, or simply a ‘military dictatorship’, one fact remains inescapable: the reforms and programs of the armed forces during that period profoundly altered Peruvian society. This book examines the social, political, and economic legacies of the military government and identifies major areas of tension that are likely to pose problems for the new civilian government. Following a review of the ideology, socio-economic goals, and political performance of the Institutional Revolution of the Armed Forces, the authors analyze the contemporary political economy of Peru and catalog the political and economic policy alternatives available to the Belaúnde regime in the next few years. They discuss the return to partisan politics in Peru, urban and rural conditions, and the way in which real political power has remained with the military forces, despite their surrender of formal authority. Subsequent chapters outline the IMF-imposed stabilization program, revealing its devastating effects on Lima's urban poor, and summarize recent Peruvian foreign policy. A final chapter draws on the prior discussion to present a critical analysis of the transitionary process from military to civilian rule in Peru.
Table of Contents
Also of Interest -- Preface -- The Peruvian Revolution in Historical Perspective -- The Return of Partisan Politics in Peru -- Mobilization, Austerity, and Voting: The Legacy of the Revolution for Lima’s Poor -- The Condition of Organized Labor -- Post-Revolutionary Agrarian Politics in Peru -- Peru’s “New” Military Professionalism: The Failure of the Technocratic Approach -- Challenges to Peruvian Foreign Policy -- The Intellectual Foundations of Revolution in Peru: The Anti-Oligarchic Tradition -- The Post-Revolutionary Political Economy in Peru