The shift from traditional taxonomic methods to data-oriented, analytical cladistic methodologies has led to a better understanding of biological processes and more accurate classifications for a wide range of organisms, including mosses. Pleurocarpous Mosses: Systematics and Evolution explores the impact of these methods through recent breakthroughs in research on the evolution and phylogeny of pleurocarpous mosses.
This book emphasizes the use of cutting-edge analytical methods, morphological characters, and the use of morphological and molecular data in systematics. It investigates the interrelationships within various moss families in which pleurocarpous morphology appears and their related taxa. The authors examine higher-level relationships to construct the backbone phylogeny of the group and set up relations within subgroups. They present new results derived from molecular data, phylogenetic analyses, and a variety of analytical methods used to evaluate the processes of morphological evolution, including growth patterns, leaf structure, and other morphological features. The final chapters explore the fossil history of pleurocarpous mosses and discuss a proposed timeline for the evolution of critical nodes. They also address wider evolutionary questions relevant to the origin and maintenance of species diversity.
In addition to upgrading the current knowledge of this complex group of organisms, Pleurocarpous Mosses: Systematics and Evolution also raises the standards of analysis and offers a paradigm for resolving phylogenetic relationships and classifying lesser-known taxonomic groups.
Table of Contents
The History of Pleurocarp Classification: Two Steps Forward, One Step Back; W.R. Buck
The Phylogenetic Distribution of Pleurocarpous Mosses: Evidence from cpDNA Sequences; T.J. O'Brien
Pleurocarpy in the Rhizogoniaceous Grade; N.E. Bell and A.E. Newton
Reevaluation of the Phylogeny of the Hypopterygiaceae (Bryophyta) Based on Morphological and Molecular Data; H. Kruijer and R. Blöcher
Growth Patterns in Calyptrochaeta Desv. (Daltoniaceae); B.C. Ho and H. Kruijer
Advances in Knowledge of the Brachytheciaceae (Bryophyta); S. Huttunen, A. Gardiner and M.S. Ignatov
Phylogenetic Relationships within the Moss Family Meteoriaceae in the Light of Different Datasets, Alignment and Analysis Methods; S. Huttunen and D. Quandt
The Amblystegiaceae and Calliergonaceae; L. Hedenäs and A. Vanderpoorten
On the Relationships of Mosses of the Order Hypnales, with Special Reference to Taxa Traditionally Classified in the Leskeaceae; M. Ignatov, A. Gardiner, V. Bobrova, I. Milyutina, S. Huttunen, and A. Troitsky
Phylogeny of Hygrohypnum Lindb. Based on Molecular Data; G. Oliván, L. Hedenäs, and A.E. Newton
Morphological Characters and Their Use in Pleurocarpous Moss Systematics; L. Hedenäs
Character Reduction and Peristome Morphology in Entodontaceae: Constraints on an Information Source; E.M. Kungu, R. Longton, and L. Bonner
Homologies of Stem Structures in Pleurocarpous Mosses, Especially of Pseudoparaphyllia and Similar Structures; M.S. Ignatov and L. Hedenäs
Branching Architecture in Pleurocarpous Mosses; A.E. Newton
Sympodial and Monopodial Growth in Mosses: Examples from the Lembophyllaceae (Bryopsida); R.S. Tangney
Did Pleurocarpous Mosses Originate before the Cretaceous?; M.S. Ignatov and D.E. Shcherbakov
Dating the Diversification of the Pleurocarpous Mosses; A.E. Newton, N. Wikström, N. Bell, L. Lowe Forrest, and M.S. Ignatov
Phylogenetic and Morphological Studies Within the Ptychomniales, with Emphasis on the Evolution of Dwarf Males; N. Pedersen and A.E. Newton
Biogeography of Austral Pleurocarpous Mosses: Distribution Patterns in the Australasian Region; R.S. Tangney