Pharmaceutical Accumulation in the Environment: Prevention, Control, Health Effects, and Economic Impact

Walter E. Goldstein

June 12, 2014 by CRC Press
Reference - 262 Pages - 16 Color & 44 B/W Illustrations
ISBN 9781466517455 - CAT# K15109

USD$149.95

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Features

    • Introduces a rationale, path, and methodology to identity and test environmental pharmaceutical and personal care product contaminants and to determine which are potentially most injurious to health
    • Provides descriptive information relating pharmaceutical environmental contamination, data, and history that is supportive of current and recommended measures to evaluate effects on health
    • Demonstrates example methodology, analysis, and research steps to show how to minimize the cost of measures to reduce pharmaceutical contamination in waste treatment
    • Presents current data and case histories on select important pharmaceutical contaminants in the environment representing a set to be examined for prioritized research
    • Develops a case to demonstrate how one set of contaminants–antibiotics– can significantly alter the pathways and performance of bacteria used in waste treatment in unexpected ways
    • Contains cases and examples showing how efforts to reduce environmental contaminants such as pharmaceutical and personal care products can result in profitable ventures

    Summary

    A Proactive Approach to Improving and Protecting the Environment

    The accumulation of pharmaceuticals in the environment is a growing concern, the magnitude of which has not been determined, yet cannot be ignored. Touting the benefits of research and discovery as it relates to a pharmaceutical presence in the environment, Pharmaceutical Accumulation in the Environment: Prevention, Control, Health Effects, and Economic Impact explores ways to effectively minimize the harmful impact of environmental contaminants. It considers current practice in the field, provides a historical reference, and presents effective methods for detecting and containing low levels of environmental contaminants. It also offers practical suggestions for mobilizing private and public resources.

    Discusses Health Impacts and Risks to Humans and Other Living Species

    The contributors of this work consider important environmental contaminants that include pharmaceuticals, personal care products, and special products, such as contrast agents and illicit drugs. This book describes current health impact concerns, methods for assessing risk, and lessening the negative impact on health through research and analysis. It examines the costs of wastewater treatment, and considers ways to potentially reduce the effect of environmental contaminants in treated water and in the soil. It looks at what may be done about contaminated soil and landfills, addresses the costs of contaminant elimination, and suggests ways to get rid of contaminants sensibly and consistently. It also includes case histories and chapters authored by specialists who are experts in their fields.

    Developed as a reference for professionals and senior undergraduate and graduate students in environmental science/ecotoxicology, the text proposes advancements and applications that can help control pharmaceutical accumulation and improve the environment. It serves as a resource for those in the pharmaceutical industries, personal care product industries, and related areas; scientists and researchers in related areas; as well as environmental protection agencies, physicians, and medical personnel.