"The book is an important demonstration of the viability of
General Systems Theory for anthropology. Among the surprising
findings directly deriving from this approach is that the Aymara
transition is a response not to inputs from the industrial
sector, but to instabilities within the traditional Aymara economic
system itself. The Systems Theory principle of the adaptive
value of deviance is the basis for an in-depth analysis of
the emergence of the Seventh-Day Adventists as a power-elite
in many Aymara communities."
Table of Contents
Tables and Figures -- Acknowledgments -- INTRODUCTION -- 1 THE PHYSICAL AND HISTORICAL SETTING -- 2 A SYSTEM IN TRANSITION -- 3 LAND, POPULATION, AND POSITIVE FEEDBACK -- 4 OPTIONS AND STRATEGIES -- Agriculture -- The Minor Options: Fishing, Marketing, Music -- Cattle Fattening: The First Major Option -- Circular Migration: The Second Major Option -- Stability and Change in Three Communities Beyond Economy -- 5 THE CHANGING SOCIAL STRUCTURE -- Structures Based on Reciprocity -- Class and Status -- Ayllu and Community -- Summary -- 6 NEW FUNCTIONS FOR OLD RELIGIONS -- The Indigenous Religion -- Catholicism -- The Fiesta System -- Summary -- 7 THE ADVENTIST ELITE -- Adventism: A Statistical Portrait -- The Weberian Hypothesis -- The Education Hypothesis -- The Motivation of Converts Today -- From Marginal to Elite -- Adventists as "Traditional Progressives" -- Summary -- 8 TOWARD A NEW STABILITY -- The Aymara Language -- The Closed System -- Population -- Where the System is Heading -- 9 PEASANTS IN TRANSITION: TOWARD A GENERAL MODEL -- Peasant and Proletarian -- Migration and Proletarianization -- Effects on Home Community Social -- Organization -- The "Initial Kick" -- Summary -- APPENDIX -- A How the Data Was Collected and Analyzed -- B The Questionnaire -- C Statistical Abstract for Three Communities -- D Income in Three Communities -- E Land and Animal Possession, Soqa -- F Population Distribution, Soqa.