The fate and transport of natural and anthropogenic sediment-borne organic contaminants is a critical environmental issue and complex processes are involved that until now have been poorly defined. Organic Substances and Sediments in Water is a three-volume book that provides the best information available regarding the many interdisciplinary factors affecting organic substances associated with particulates in water. Topics discussed include absorption and transport of contaminants associated with particles; interfacial processes affecting fate and transport of organic substances associated with particles; the release of contaminants in receiving water bodies; water treatment; the role of biological factors in the fate and transport of organic contaminants in aqueous systems; development of biotransformation in natural and anthropogenic systems; the use of organic contaminant and sediment chemicals; biological and physical data to refine models to be used by resource managers; and chemical and biological processes that affect the fate and transport of organic constituents and determine degradation of contaminants and uptake in plants. This will be an important reference for environmental chemists, environmental engineers, environmental biologists, water treatment and natural system modelers, and soils scientists.
Table of Contents
Aquatic Particle-Organic Chemical Interaction: Characterization and Contaminant Geochemistry. Preliminary Evaluation of the Potential of Gas Purging for Investigating the Air-Water Transfer of PCBs (Michael W. Murray and Anders W. Andren). Trace Element Cycling in Southern Lake Michigan: Role of Water Column Particle Components (Martin M. Shafer and David E. Armstrong). Sorption of Alkylbenzenes to Mineral Oxides (Judith A. Perlinger and Steven J. Eisenreich). Field-Measured Associations Between Polychlorinated Biphenyls and Suspended Solids in Natural Waters: An Evaluation of the Partitioning Paradigm (Joel E. Baker, Steven J. Eisenreich, and Deborah L. Swackhamer). The Role of Phytoplankton in the Partitioning of Hydrophobic Organic Contaminants in Water (Deborah L. Swackhamer and Robert S. Skoglund). Quantification and Characterization of Pore-Water Organic Colloids (Yu-Ping Chin, Ann P. McNichol, and Philip M. Gschwend). Adsorption of Surfactants (Bruce J. Brownawell, Hua Chen, Wanjia Zhang, and John C. Westall). Partitioning and Sorption Kinetics of a PCB in Aqueous Suspensions of Model Particles: Solids Concentration Effect (Patricia L. Van Hoof and Anders W. Andren). FATE AND TRANSPORT. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Sediments and Pore Waters of the Lower Great Lakes: Reconstruction of a Regional Benzo(a)pyrene Source Function (Brian J. Eadie, John A. Robbins, Warren R. Faust, and Peter F. Landrum). Historical Deposition and Biogeochemical Fate of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Sediments Near a Major Submarine Wastewater Outfall in Southern California (Robert P. Eganhouse and Richard W. Gossett). The Distribution of PCBs in Surface Sediments of Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island (James S. Latimer, Lawrence A. LeBlanc, John T. Ellis, and James G. Quinn). Carbon Cycling in Coastal Sediments: 2. An Investigation of the Sources of SCO2 to Pore Water Using Carbon Isotopes (Ann P. McNichol, Ellen R.M. Druffel, and Cindy Lee). Diffusive Rate Limitations in the Sorption of Organic Chemicals (William P. Ball and Paul V. Roberts). Investigation of the Distribution of Natural Organic Compounds in the Sediments of Estuaries with Indication of Their Likely Sources (Brian J. Harland, Malcolm J. Hetheridge, and Simon J. Molloy). Environmental Response to Hazardous Chemicals (R.E. Speece, N. Nirmalakhandan, and Diane J.W. Blum). INTERFACIAL AND ORGANIC-INORGANIC PROCESSES. Reduction of Hexachloroethane and Carbon Tetrachloride at Surfaces of Biotite, Vermiculite, Pyrite, and Marcasite (Michelle Kriegman-King and Martin Reinhard). The Effect of pH and Anions on the Solubility and Sorption Behavior of Acridine (Robert A. Matzner, Douglas R. Hunter, and Roger C. Bales). Surfactant-Enhanced Solubility of Hydrophobic Organic Compounds in Water and in Soil/Water Systems (David A. Edwards, Zhongbao Liu, and Richard G. Luthy). ANALYTICAL. Determination of Anthropogenic Organic Compounds Associated with Fixed or Suspended Solids/Sediments: An Overview (Martha J.M. Wells and V. Dean Adams). Determination of Polyvinyl Alcohol in Sewage (C. Ellen Gonter, Lorraine C. Guyette, and Thomas G. Stevens). Use of 14C Label to Study Fine Particulate Organic Matter Dynamics in Flowing Water (J. Denis Newbold, Colbert E. Cushing, and G. Wayne Minshall). Synchronous Fluorescence Spectra of Dissolved Organic Matter (Steven E. Cabaniss). Index.