This title was first published in 2000: A systematic analysis of the concept of fairness as a moral notion. The work critically examines and rejects several familiar accounts of fairness - fairness as equality of treatment, as not taking advantage of another, as adherence to rule, and as respect for others - the author proposes an alternative account of fairness as fidelity to social practice. Drawing on examples from a variety of social practices, ranging from the requirement to do one's fair share to the fairness of lotteries and bargaining, this book outlines a new moral theory of fairness and offers insight into the various roles fairness considerations play in our lives and their limitations. Reflecting on the place of fairness and fair mindedness in moral, social, and political thought, this book will be of interest to moral, social and political philosophers as well as those in related areas such as political science and sociology.
Table of Contents
Contents: Introduction: Dimensions of fairness: The material and formal dimension of concepts; Two concepts of fairness; Fairness and respect for persons; Objectivity, impartiality and fairness: Taking advantage and disadvantaging; Impartiality and bias; Disadvantaging and personal interests; Fair shares: The principle of fairness; Fairness and equality; Presumptive equality; Fairness and associative attachments; Fairness and following rules: Fairness and formal justice; Procedural and background fairness; Following rules and acting unfairly; Fair bargains and bargaining fairly; Fidelity to Social Practice: Social Practices; The fundamentals of fairness; Fairness and distribution; The limits of fairness; Toward a moral theory of Fairness: Traditions of moral discourse; The morality of happiness; Fairness and interactive morality; Fairness and associative morality; Fairness and consent; Simple Fairness: "Being fair to..."; Facilitative fairness: simple accommodation; Facilitative fairness: lotteries; Taking turns and respect for others; Fair Procedures: Hard bargains; Fairness and rational choice; Perfect and imperfect procedural justice; Fairness and virtue; The fairness of social practices; Fairmindedness; Fairness as an end; Bibliography; Index.
'In this well written book Craig Carr analyses the moral concept of fairness. After criticizing several alternative accounts, he defends the view that fairness is a kind of fidelity to the social practices in which one is a participant.' The Philosophical Quarterly