Discusses socioeconomic, cultural, and health issues in urban areas, especially among emerging majority and ethnic populations Presents opposing views on the conflicting interests of the USDA and DHHSProvides guidelines and instruction for securing food supply safety in the event of an emergencyAnalyzes cutting-edge legislation regarding functional foods, food labeling, and health claim regulationsFeatures specific skill-building tools related to grant writing, coalition building, and public relationsIncludes reference lists, critical thinking questions, and quick reference tables
Nutrition plays a key role in many areas of public health such as pre-term delivery, cancer, obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular and renal diseases. Government nutrition policy, therefore, bears a huge influence on the nation's biggest health concerns. There is a clear need for information on this topic that unarguably holds the key to the primary and secondary prevention of some of the major causes of premature death in the US.
Nutrition in Public Health: Principles, Policies, and Practice provides an overview of the field and focuses on the role of the Federal Government in determining nutrition policy and practice. Beginning with a review of the definition and principles of public health, the book examines trends in the US population and nutritional epidemiology. It considers programs to help reduce disparities in the prevalence of diet-related chronic diseases among various populations, as well as a detailed chapter on obesity with discussions on global impact and cost, pediatric obesity, and the impact of socioeconomic status and ethnicity. Specific information is included on breastfeeding mothers, HIV/AIDS, and prison inmates. The book offers a look at the current nutritional status and guidelines in the US before providing a set of tools for the responsible practice of public health nutrition such as conducting nutrition assessments, designing and carrying out social marketing campaigns, writing grant proposals, and enacting programs to promote food security and ensure food supply and safety.
Focusing on nutrition issues in the urban setting, Nutrition in Public Health: Principles, Policies, and Practice provides an integrated view of nutrition needs and the policies and political mechanisms that affect the delivery of quality food and nutrition services.
Table of Contents
Nutrition in Public Health
Nutrition in Public Health
Public Health Nutrition
Government's Role in Nutrition in Public Health
Nutrition in Public Health - the Book
Preventing Disease or Promoting Health?
Brief Review of the History of Public Health
Current Health Behaviors of the U.S. Adult Population
History of Health Promotion
Health Promotion in its Current Incarnation
Health Promotion and Universal Health Care
Role of the Individual in Public Health
A New Definition of Public Health's Role
The U.S. Population - Looking Forward from the Past
Minority Populations, Immigration, and Migration
The U.S. Census Bureau
Census Information Online
U.S. Population Projections to 2050
Study Designs in Nutritional Epidemiology
Food and Nutrition Surveys for Monitoring the Public's Health
National Center for Health Statistics
Nutrition Monitoring Activities by USDA
Prevalence of Diet-Related Chronic Disease: Disparities and Programs to Reduce Them
The Leading Diet-Related Chronic Diseases
Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)
Overweight and Obesity
Diabetes in Children
Cardiovascular Disease (CVD)
Weight Control: Challenges and Solutions
Defining Overweight and Obesity
The Impact on Public Health
The Costs of Overweight and Obesity
The Global Picture
The Nutrition Transition and its Repercussions
Environmental Determinants of Overweight and Obesity
U.S. Agricultural Policies
Socioeconomic Status and Ethnicity
Food Insecurity, Energy Density, and Weight
The Food Environment
Breastfeeding Mothers and Breastfeeding Infants
What is Cultural Competence?
Why is Cultural Competence Important?
Current and Projected Demographic Changes in the U.S
Legislative, Regulatory, and Accreditation Mandates
Nutrition Staff Development
Foodways of the Major Ethnic/Racial Groups in the U.S.
Food and Nutrition Politics, Policy, and Legislation
Types of Food and Nutrition Policy
U.S. Farm Policy and Health
Food and Nutrition Guidance
History of Federal Food and Nutrition Guidance
Current Federal Food, Nutrition, and Lifestyle Guidance
Disease Prevention Guidance from Federal and Voluntary Health Organizations
Food and Nutrition Assessment of the Community
Conducting an Assessment
Geographic Information Systems
Promoting Food Security
Parsing "Food Security"
Poverty in the U.S.
Nutrition and Health Characteristics of Low-income Populations
Hunger and Food Insecurity in the U.S
Nutrition Assistance Programs
Nongovernment, Nonprofit Organizations
Social Marketing and Other Mass Communication Techniques
Tailored Health Communication
Food Safety and Defense
Safety, Wholesomeness, and Labeling
States and Territories
Critique of the Food Safety Regulatory Apparatus
Numbers of Outbreaks and Cases
Grants to Support Initiatives in Public Health Nutrition
Grant Application Mechanisms
"… a welcome addition to the still small but growing body of literature… presents a comprehensive overview of publicly funded nutrition programs, the nutrition needs of the US population, and the policies and political mechanisms necessary to effect delivery of quality food and nutrition services. …exhaustive in scope… Firmly grounding sensible and sensitive nutrition policy in public health values, including where new thinking and approaches could lead to improvements, Arlene Spark has contributed a worthy effort to the field and practice of public health nutrition."
—Karen Valenzuela, Washington State Department of Health, in Washington State Journal of Public Health Practice