The study of national security decisionmaking is fraught with pitfalls. This statement holds true for any researcher, but all the more so for someone like this author, who has been actively engaged for many years in national security decisionmaking, at times at the highest levels. From the outset, I have been aware of the dangers of subjectivism, of injecting my own political attitudes and opinions, preconceived notions and biases into the material, the analyses and especially the conclusions and recommendations. I have endeavored, to the best of my ability, to undertake this research with the "disinterested curiosity" and objective neutrality which should be the hallmark of a good scientist and researcher. But no one can be totally disinterested in a process which has a direct bearing on his life and well-being; thus the only guarantee of the objectivity of such a work is the constant recognition and awareness of the danger of going astray, the advice and criticism of one's colleagues and, in the final analysis, one's own conscience.
Table of Contents
Preface – Introduction -- Part I. Overview ofN ational Security Decisionmaking -- Chapter 1. National Security (The Scope of this Study) -- Chapter 2. Decisionmaking (Presentation of Options Pqssible Malfunctions Organizational and Bureaucratic Factors) -- Chapter 3. Psychological Foundations (Attribution Theory Cognitive Dissonance Theory Groupthink) – Part II. The Multi-National Context: Decisionmaking in Key Western States -- Chapter4. The United States (Legal Foundations of the NSC Dimensions of the NSC Conclusion) – Chapter5. Great Britain (The Cabinet The Defense and Overseas Policy Committee The Cabinet Office and Cabinet Secretariat Conclusion) -- Chapter6. The FRG and France (The Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) France) -- Part III. Israel -- Chapter 7. An Overall Evaluation of the Decisionmaking Process (Concrete Evidence The Role of the IDF Causes for Present Situation) -- Chapter 8. The Development and Practice of National Security Decisionmaking (The First Two Decades ( 1948-1967) From the Six-Day War to theYomKippurWar (1967-1974) A Decade of Change (1974-1984) National Unity Government (1984)Attempts at Change) – Part IV. Conclusions -- Chapter9. Models for Change -- Chapter 10. Recommendations -- Notes -- List of Persons Interviewed.