Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment: Removal of Toxic Trace Elements with Emphasis on Arsenic, Fluoride and Uranium

1st Edition

Alberto Figoli, Jan Hoinkis, Jochen Bundschuh

CRC Press
Published May 27, 2018
Reference - 286 Pages
ISBN 9781138611931 - CAT# K389209
Series: Sustainable Water Developments - Resources, Management, Treatment, Efficiency and Reuse

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Features

  • This book will be the first on the market to address this topic in integrated form.
  • Covers highly actual topics that fullfill the urgent and pressing need to provide innovative, effective and more sustainable solutions for removal of toxic trace elements from water
  • Contributes to overcome major challenges such as the reduced availability of fresh water, and environmental pollution
  • Will cover all issues comprising mainly technical issues but also includes respective economic, regulatory, policy and social issues in one single volume
  • Written by international leading researchers (membranologists) having extensive experiences on membrane processes for toxic inorganic metals removal
  • The contents of this book can help potential investors to better understand the potentialities of using the membrane processes in toxic metal removal

Summary

Focuses on the application of membrane technologies in removing toxic metals\metalloids from water. Particular attention is devoted to the removal of arsenic, uranium, and fluoride. These compounds are all existing in the earth’s crust at levels between two and five thousands micrograms per kg (parts per million) on average and these compounds can be considered highly toxic to humans, who are exposed to them primarily from air, food and water. In order to comply with the new maximum contaminant level, numerous studies have been undertaken to improve established treatments or to develop novel treatment technologies for removing toxic metals from contaminated surface and groundwater. Among the technologies available, applicable for water treatment, membrane technology has been identified as a promising technology to remove such toxic metals from water. The book describes both pressure driven (traditional processes, such as Nanofiltration, Reverse Osmosis, Ultrafiltration,etc) and more advanced membrane processes (such as forward osmosis, membrane distillation, and membrane bio-reactors) employed in the application of interest. Key aspect of this book is to provide information on both the basics of membrane technologies and on the results depending on the type of technology employed.

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