Published in 1999, this book discusses the role that marginality has had in the past, has today and will have in the future. The Commission on Dynamics of Marginal and Critical Regions held its annual conference in Harare, Zimbabwe in July 1997. This volume represents a carefully selected, revised and reviewed selection of the papers presented at this conference. The articles reflect the various aspects of marginality currently existing in the world and it is the intention of the Commission to pursue research that would eventually result in a more coherent approach towards the issues of marginality in space. The articles in the book are grouped into three main parts. The first part discusses the role of theory and also methodological aspects and approaches towards the question of marginality. The second part gives a 'time-space' perspective by examining the past, present and future aspects of marginality. The third part is dedicated to empirical evidence about the changes in existing marginality and its possible future implementations. The conclusions of the book summarize the various and sometimes conflicting, aspects of marginality and its ’images’ both in space and in time.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction, Heikki Jussila and Roser Majoral Part 1: Theoretical and Methodological Approaches 2. Towards Typologies of Socioeconomic Marginality: North/South Comparisons, Lawrence M. Sommers, Assefa Mehretu and Bruce Wm. Pigozzi 3. The Application of Spatial Theory to Intensive Agriculture in Developing Countries: Findings from the Jos Study, David Grossman, Leo M. van den Berg and Hyacinth I. Ajaegbu 4. The Marginality and Marginal Regions in Slovenia, Stanko Pelc 5. The Emergence of Capitalism and Struggling Against Marginalization in the Russian North, Markku Tykkylainen 6. Another Way of Perceiving Argentine Marginality Dynamics: Qualitative Indicators, Maria Estela Furlani de Civit, Josefina Gutierrez de Manchon and Patricia Barrio de Villanueva Part 2: Cultural and Socioeconomic Views 7. The Importance of Cultural Links in a Marginal Area: Terra Alta (Catalonia, Spain), Hugo Capella-Miternique and Juame Font-Garolera 8. Local Government Among Marginalized Ex-Nomads: The Israeli Bedouin and the State, Avinoam Meir 9. Land Tenure in Rural Marginal Western Pampa in Argentina, Ana Maria Petagna de del Rio 9. Demographic Factors in Characterizing and Delimiting Marginal Lands, Richard E. Lonsdale and J. Clark Archer 11. Length of Unemployment as an Indicator of Social Exclusion in Finland: a GIS Viewpoint, Toivo Muilu, Jarmo Rusanen, Arvo Naukkarinen and Alfred Colpaert 12. Living on the Margins: The Case for the Elderly in Zimbabwe, Lazarus Zanamwe 13. 'Basics are now a Luxury': Perceptions of ESAP’s Impact on Rural and Urban Areas in Zimbabwe, Deborah Potts and Chris C. Mutambirwa Part 3: Polices for Regional Development 14. Marginal Regions and New Methods for Development in the EU: Comparing Garfagnana in Italy and Kuusamo - Koillismaa in Finland, Maria Andreoli and Heikki Jussila 15. Evaluating Marginal Development: Local Views on Modernization in an Indian and Swedish Context, Lennart Anderson, Kristina Lejonhud and Bertil Lundberg 16. Remaining Marginal Areas in Rural Catalunya: Causes and Consequences, Roser Majoral and Dolores Sanchez-Aguilera 17. State Support and Rural Dynamics, Lars Olaf Persson 18. Regional Development Problems of the Geographically Marginal Binga District in the Zambesi Valley of Zimbabwe, Johan Dahl and Daniel Tevera 19. Challenges to the Development of a Polarized Space: The Case of Zimbabwe, Assefa Mehretu and Chris C. Mutambirwa 20. Sao Tomé and Principe: The Future of a Marginal Country in the Context of its International Integration - The Role of Portugal, Joao Luis Fernandes and Fernanda Delgado Cravidao 21. Australian Microeconomic Reform and Tasmania: An Economic and Social Appraisal, Peter Scott Part 4: Conclusions 22. Synthesis and Conclusions, Heikki Jussila, Roser Majoral and Chris C. Mutambirwa.