Bringing together theoretical and empirical research from 22 countries in Europe, North America, Australia, South America and Japan, this book offers a state-of-the-art survey of conceptual and methodological research and planning issues relating to landscape, heritage, [and] development. It has 30 chapters grouped in four main thematic sections: landscapes as a constitutive dimension of territorial identities; landscape history and landscape heritage; landscapes as development assets and resources; and landscape research and development planning. The contributors are scholars from a wide range of cultural and professional backgrounds, experienced in fundamental and applied research, planning and policy design. They were invited by the co-editors to write chapters for this book on the basis of the theoretical frameworks, case-study research findings and related policy concerns they presented at the 23rd Session of PECSRL - The Permanent European Conference for the Study of the Rural Landscape, organized by TERCUD - Territory, Culture and Development Research Centre, Universidade LusÃ³fona, in Lisbon and Ã“bidos, Portugal, 1 - 5 September 2008. With such broad inter-disciplinary relevance and international scope, this book provides a valuable overview, highlighting recent findings and interpretations on historical, current and prospective linkages between changing landscapes and natural, economic, cultural and other identity features of places and regions; landscape-related identities as local and regional development assets and resources in the era of globalized economy and culture; the role of landscape history and heritage as platforms of landscape research and management in European contexts, including the implementation of The European Landscape Convention; and, the strengthening of the landscape perspective as a constitutive element of sustainable development.
Table of Contents
Contents: Introduction, Zoran Roca and John A. Agnew; Part I Landscape and Identity between Imagery and Reality: Limits to transformation of places' identity: theoretical and methodological questions, Lionella Scazzosi; The ineffable, ethereal and evanescent as values of local, national and European identities, Edmunds Valdemars BunkÅ¡e; Landscape and national identity in Europe: England versus Italy in the role of landscape identity formation, John Agnew; The dual character of landscape in Lahemaa national park, Estonia, Anu Printsmann, Marju KÃµivupuu and Hannes Palang; Young immigrants and landscape: cultural mediation and territorial creativity, Benedetta Castiglioni, Tania Rossetto and Alessia de Nardi; Cultural 'hybridism', identitary anthropophagy and transterritoriality, Rogério Haesbaert; From landscaping to terraforming: gulf mega-projects, cartographic visions and urban imaginaries, Mark Jackson and Veronica della Dora. Part II Landscape History, Heritage and Social Change: European landscapes: continuity and change, Johannes Renes; The Brioni archipelago: functional identity of a historical landscape, Ivancica Schrunk and Vlasta Begovic; Expanding the European landscape: aqueducts and the Spanish usurpation of México, William E. Doolittle; Uncovering a past landscape: Rio de Janeiro in the 17th century, Mauricio de Almeida Abreu; Striking roots in soil unknown: post-war transformations of cultural landscape of former German towns in Poland, Barbara Borkowska; The cultivated mire landscape as a mirror of Finnish society, Minna Tanskanen; Barroso revisited: long-term consequences of emigration on mountain landscape in Northern Portugal, Bodo Freund. Part III Landscape Assets, Resources and Services: From landscape to tourism and back: the emergence of a Greek landscape conscience, Theano S. Terkenli; Biodiversity and land abandonment: connecting agriculture, place and nature in the landscape, Ruth Beilin, Regina Lindborg and Cibele Queiroz; Natural lands
'Since a conference asked in 1982 whether "landscape has died", we know that it is not eternal. As early as the 9th century Li Shangyin talked about "landscape-killing" (shafengjing). We have here the evidence that landscape is always on the move, sometimes toward death, but mainly toward living, ever changing forms.' Augustin Berque, Ecole des hautes études en sciences sociales, Paris, France 'This delightfully wide-ranging collection is a timely exploration of the nexus of landscape, identity and development which successfully combines theory and practice. Highlighting the trans-disciplinary nature of landscape research and planning today, this unique volume underscores the importance of social and economic forces in shaping what are often unequal, and sometimes unsustainable, landscapes.' Diana Davis, University of California Davis, USA 'This edited volume addresses the relationship of landscape to development as a constructive tension in the face of globalization. ... a thoughtful, useful survey of conceptual and methodological research on landscape as a constitutive element for developing policies for sustainable development.... Recommended.' Choice 'One might say, yet another tome full of international and inter-disciplinary papers about the theory and philosophy of landscape. But this is one for which room must be made, because of the breadth of its view, the range of new approaches it encapsulates and the large body of researchers whose voices and ideas it offers. National narratives, disciplinary positions and personal agendas all contribute to a rich tapestry of landscape diversity.' Landscapes