Section 1 of this volume describes three major debates about voice. They include:
* the overarching debate: discourse as text vs. discourse as voice;
* the traditional debate in rhetoric: ethos as real virtue in the real person vs. ethos as the appearance of virtue; and
* the modern debate: voice as self vs. voice as role.
These debates involve large, ideological questions about the nature of self or identity and about the relation of the text to the writer. They are all the more troublesome and unresolvable because they tend to be cast in binary, either/or terms.
Section 2 responds to these debates by showing that they don't need to be resolved in either/or terms. Looking carefully at the term voice shows that it has some fairly noncontroversial meanings when applied to writing. Thus, most of this section is devoted to an extended exploration of a family of five meanings for the term voice in writing -- audible voice or information, dramatic voice, recognizable or distinctive voice, voice with authority, and resonant voice or presence. These meanings make the concept of voice solid and usable apart from the theoretical debates.
The two theoretical debates only come up in relatively circumscribed arenas and so don't muddy most uses of the concept of voice in writing. In short, Elbow's hope is that he can make descriptive claims about the meanings of voice in writing about which people from various ideological camps will be able to agree.
Table of Contents
Contents: P. Elbow, Introduction (1994). Section I:Essays. M. Bakhtin, Discourse in Life and Discourse in Art (1925). W. Gibson, The "Speaking Voice" and the Teaching of Composition (1963). W. Ong, Word as Sound (1967). W.E. Coles, Jr., Assignment 19: J.D. Salinger (1978). B. Johnson, Translator's Introduction to Dissemination (1981). B. Hooks, When I Was a Young Soldier for the Revolution: Coming to Voice (1984). J. Jordan, Nobody Mean to Me Than You: And the Future Life of Willie Jordan (1985). I. Hashimoto, Voice as Juice: Some Reservations About Evangelic Composition (1987). R.D. Cherry, Ethos Versus Persona: Self-Representation in Written Discourse (1988). L. Faigley, Judging Writing, Judging Selves (1989). A.L. Palacas, Parentheticals and Personal Voice (1989). C.C. Park, Talking Back to the Speaker (1989). T. Fulwiler, Looking and Listening for My Voice (1990). D. Ihde, In Praise of Sound (1976). Section II:Two Recent Views. C. Gilligan, Letter to Readers, 1993 (1993). R. Freisinger, Voicing the Self: Toward a Pedagogy of Resistance in a Postmodern Age (1994).