This title was first published in 2003. Research on migration into southern Europe has paid little consideration to the ways of incorporating immigrants into labour markets and the impact these foreign-born workers have on local labour markets. Neither has much attention been given to the character of labour markets that enables these workers to find a job. This book fills that gap by exploring case studies of African employment in Spain and Portugal. Using cross-border perspectives, this book provides in-depth analysis of common trends across borders, such as immigrant employment in manual, low-skilled jobs, uneven immigrant involvement in labour markets, and the impact of national characteristics, economies and political environments. The result is a study which should be useful for migration specialists, economic geographers and labour market analysts alike.