This book provides the most up-to-date assessment of Israel's society today, portraying the country's ethnic diversity, its economy, and demographic changes. Revealing linkages between demographic transformation and socioeconomic change, Goldscheider shows how ethnic group formation emerged in Israel to create the present mix of Jewish and Arab populations. He also reviews the policies of Palestinian and Israeli governments concerning immigration, describing the ways in which socioeconomic development within Israel, urbanization, and industrialization have evolved through the use of outside capital and increasing dependency. The book reveals two unique sets of processes about Israel today. The first concerns important changes in marriage, family and intermarriage, educational attainment and occupational achievement, ethnic politics, religion, and the changing role of women. A second but related concern pertains to the social and economic contexts of community life. Here Goldscheider investigates rapid change among Israel's major urban centers, towns, and agricultural centers, including the Kibbutz as well as Arab communities. In concluding chapters, the author discusses the role of government in shaping population policy, including health, fertility, and contraceptive and abortion issues. He also describes the influence of Jewish communities outside of Israel and the impact of the Middle East conflict with Arab states on Israel's domestic policy as well as the conflict with populations in territories administered by Israel since 1967. Likely to be a standard reference for years to come, the book is essential reading for political scientists, sociologists, anthropologists, and historians concerned with Israel's politics and society.
Table of Contents
Preface and Acknowledgments -- Demography, Development, and Ethnicity -- Nation-Building, Population, and Development -- Ethnic Diversity: Jewish and Arab Populations of Israel -- The Formation of Israeli Communities -- Immigration, Nation-Building, and Ethnicity -- Arab Israelis: Demography, Dependency, and Distinctiveness -- Ecology, Settlement, and the Development of Communities -- Urbanization, Internal Migration, and Residential Intergration -- Communities: Kibbutzim, Moshavim, Development Towns, and Cities -- Forms of Inequality: Social Class, Gender, and Death -- Resources and Inequality: Education, Occupation, and Income -- Changing Roles of Israeli Women and Men -- Inequality and Mortality Decline -- Family Formation and Generational Continuities -- Marriage, Family, and Intermarriage -- The Transition to Small Family Size: The Fertility Revolution and Ethnic Convergences -- Diasporas, Dependencies, and Ethnic Continuities -- The Jewish Diaspora and Palestinians: Ethnicity and Nation-Building in the State of Israel