Human Performance provides the student and researcher with a comprehensive and accessible review of performance, in the real world and essential cognitive science theory.
Four main sections cover both theoretical and practical issues: Section One outlines the perspectives on performance offered by contemporary cognitive science, including information processing and neuroscience perspectives.
Section Two presents a multi-level view of the performer as biological organism, information-processor and intentional agent. It reviews the development of the cognitive theory of performance through experimental studies and also looks at practical issues such as human error.
Section Three reviews the impact of stress factors such as noise, fatigue and illness on performance. Section Four assesses individual and group differences in performance with accounts of ability, personality and aging.
Table of Contents
Prologue. Section I, 1. Introduction. Section II. 2. Modelling the Cognitive Architecture. 3. Key Subsystems of the Cognitive Architecture. 4. Selective Attention. 5. Divided Attention and Workload. 6. Vigilance and Sustained Attention. 7. Skilled Performance. 8. Human Error. Section III. 9. Stress, Arousal and Performance: An Introduction. 10. Noise and Irrelevant Speech. 11. Thermal Stress and Other Physical Stressors. 12. Fatigue the Energetics of Performance. 13. Lifestyle and Performance: Health, Diet and Drugs. Section IV 14. Individual Differences in Ability and Performance. 15. Individual Differences: Personality and Mood. 16. Ageing and Human Performance. Epilogue.
'Overall, the book does its job well, providing a highly readable and stimulating introduction to the topic. As is necessary in any textbook, it manages both to review familiar material and to illustrate new developments and current research ideas. The effective balance between technical detail and overall perspective, coupled with the ambitious level of some of the discussion, makes it suitable for both introductory classes and more advanced courses, even at a postgraduate level.' - G.R.J. Hockey, University of Leeds, in 'The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, Section A'
'A useful and significant student text.' - Jan Noyes, University of Bristol
'Human Performance is the answer to my quest for a theoretically-based applied psychological text ... I found the text well written and difficult to put down.' - Neville Stanton, Brunel University
'It was a pleasure to read this book. It deals with relatively complex subject matter in an easy-to-read, practical style. It is evident that the authors have an underlying desire to inform rather than impress, yet the book is impressive because of their approach. I would recommend this book as essential reading for any psychology student or professional working in the field.' - Celine McKeown, Link Ergonomics, Ergonomics Abstracts
'The text is ideally suited to the undergraduate market and students will benefit from the clarity of the exposition, coverage of relevant theory and recommendations for further reading.' - Kav Vedhara, University of Bristol
'Matthews and his fellow authors have done an excellent job of providing the reader with well-informed and thought-provoking accounts of the current state of knowledge with respect to the ways in which numerous stressors influence human cognition and performance. That is a significant achievement given the substantial research literature that has built up with respect to many of the findings. The authors are also successful in clarifying the reasons why many of the theoretical ideas that were highly influential in the past have now largely been discarded by those currently working in the field of human performance.' - Michael W. Eysenck, Royal Holloway, University of London, Contemporary Psychology: An American Psychological Association journal