With this volume the history of the first century of the International reaches its conclusion. Originally I had intended that the trilogy would come to a close with the centenary of the founding of the First International in September 1964. But before I could finish writing the third volume the tragedy of the Communist revolution in Czechoslovakia had played itself out. 'The Spring of Prague' of 1968, having set in motion a process of change from a Communist dictatorship to a Socialist democracy, was followed within a few months by the invasion of the armies of the five Warsaw Pact powers to forestall reformation in Czechoslovakia. Both revolution and counter-revolution were events of the utmost significance for the history of Socialism-the revolution, for showing that it was possible for a Communist system of totalitarian dictatorship to be transformed without resort to force; and the counter-revolution, for showing how the regime in the Soviet Union has remained essentially unaltered since Stalin's death. The invasion of Czechoslovakia brutally called in question any optimistic perspective of development within the Soviet Union itself.
Table of Contents
Foreword -- Preface -- PART ONE: The Destiny of Socialism -- Introduction -- 1 The British Labour Initiative -- 2 Socialists and Communists in France -- 3 Unity and Division in the Italian Socialist Movement -- 4 The Problem of Unification in the German Labour Movement -- 5 The Origins of the 'Cold War' -- PART TWO: The Reopening of the Split -- 6 The Revival of the International -- 7 The Founding of the Cominform -- 8 The Reconstitution of the Socialist International -- PART THREE: Socialism and Communism in Asia -- 9 Oriental Key Positions in the World Revolution -- 10 Bolshevism and Social Democracy in India -- 11 Hindu and Buddhist Socialism -- 12 Socialist and Communist Movements in Buddhist Countries -- 1. Burma -- 2. Ceylon -- 3. Nepal -- 13 Islamic Socialism and Marxism in Indonesia -- 14 Socialism and Communism in Japan -- 15 The Chinese Revolution -- 16 Socialism in Israel -- 17 The Asian Socialist Conference -- PART FOUR: The Moral Crisis of Communism -- 18 Yugoslavia's Revolt against Moscow's Hegemony -- 19 The Insurrection in East Berlin -- 20 The Dethronement of Stalin -- 21 Poland's October -- 22 The Tragedy of the Hungarian Revolution -- 23 'The Spring of Prague' -- 24 Peking's Break with Moscow -- PART FIVE: The First Hundred Years -- 25 Destiny of a Vision -- Appendix One: Socialism as a World Movement: an attempt at a numerical assessment -- Appendix Two: Aims and Tasks of Democratic Socialism -- Appendix Three: Statement on Socialism and Religion -- Appendix Four: Socialist Policy for the Underdeveloped Territories -- Appendix Five: Principles and Objectives of Socialism in Asia -- Appendix Six: Declaration on Colonialism -- Appendix Seven: Manifesto of the Cominform -- Appendix Eight: Declaration of the Extraordinary Fourteenth -- Congress of the Czechoslovak Communist Party -- Appendix Nine: The World Today: The Socialist Perspective -- Appendix Ten: Table of Presidents and Secretaries and Table of Congresses and Conferences -- Bibliography -- List of Abbreviations -- Name Index -- Subject Index.