The papers in this volume fall into four sections. The first part deals more generally with heresy, religious movements and the Church, while the second focuses on Wyclif, covering his path to dissent, his religious doctrines, and a doctrinal comparison with Hus. Philosophical themes come to the fore in the third section, which has papers on the decline of scholasticism in the 14th century and on the trivium, and also includes hitherto unpublished essays on the theology of Augustine's two cities and on Ockham and nominalism. The final part, with another two papers published here for the first time, discusses Christian, Augustinian and Franciscan concepts of man, and the concepts of natural rights according to Ockham and the Franciscans.
Table of Contents
Contents: Foreword; Heresy, Religious Movements and the Church: In search of the Millennium; Heresy and the decline of the medieval Church; The Apostolic ideal in later medieval ecclesiology; Hérésie savante et hérésie populaire dans le bas moyen Ã¢ge; The making of the myth of a true Church in the later Middle Ages; Wyclif: John Wyclif: the path to dissent; Wyclif and Hus: a doctrinal comparison; John Wyclif's religious doctrines; The place of metaphysics in Wyclif's theology; Philosophy and Theology: The 14th century and the decline of scholasticism; The theology of St Augustine’s two cities; Ockham and Wyclif on the Eucharist; Ockham and nominalism; The trivium and the three philosophies; Concepts of Man: The Christian concept of Man; St Augustine's concept of Man; The Franciscan concept of Man; The Bible and rights in the Franciscan disputes on poverty; Ockham and natural rights; Index.
'[the essays] show Leff's strengths in linking institutional and intellectual history, and in illuminating broad topics with careful historical work and telling examples.' Medium Aevum